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Researcher Develops Ultrasound So Tiny It Can Travel Through the Eardrum

A researcher at Dalhousie University is developing an ultrasound device so small, it could travel through the eardrum, onwards through the middle ear and then rest against the inner ear. The device will be able to detect scarring from implants in the middle ear, or detect the effects of diseases like Meniere’s.

Imagine an ultrasound device so small, it could travel through the eardrum, onwards through the middle ear and then rest against the inner ear to provide images of the basilier membrane as at it vibrates, sending messages to the brain as it interprets sound.

It’s not science fiction a la Fantastic Voyage—it’s what Dalhousie University researcher Jeremy Brown is developing in collaboration with ear surgeon Manohar Bance, professor of Otology, Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery with Dalhousie’s Faculty of Medicine.

“We’ve been taking what’s called a ‘bench top to bedside’ approach,” says Dr. Brown, assistant professor of Biomedical Engineering at Dalhousie. “I’d have no idea if this was possible unless I was paired with a surgeon … the collaboration is working out great so far.”

The miniature device measures a mere two millimeters in diameter. Yet, even at that size, the probe contains 150 elements—tiny transducers that vibrate when electric signals are applied. Once planted deep within the ear through a minor surgical procedure, the probe would be able to detect scarring from implants in the middle ear, for example, or detect the ravages of diseases like Meniere’s, an inner-ear disorder which causes episodes of vertigo.

“What’s exciting is that no one has really done this before,” says Dr. Brown, whose interest in sound and sound perception comes from being a musician.

Now, the researchers are ready to take the next step and build on prototypes that have been tested on mice. Money received from the Canadian Foundation for Innovation’s Leaders Opportunity Fund and matched by the Nova Scotia Research and Innovation Trust—$311,000 all told—will allow them to acquire equipment developed by the semi-conductor industry to build and further refine the miniature devices.

“This equipment is so unbelievably good, that we can just piggyback on it to do what we need it to do,” says Dr. Brown.

He is also collaborating with Dr. Bance on a second “small” project, to develop tiny, surgically implanted hearing aids.

Charles Crosby | Newswise Science News
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