Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Interleukin-8, key marker for colorectal cancer treatment

10.10.2007
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is currently one of the three most frequent malignancies in Western industrial nations. Although the 5-year survival rate for patients with early stage and local CRC approaches nearly 90%, survival is dramatically decreased by local recurrence and the development of distant metastases that primarily affect the liver, which are the predominant cause of CRC-related mortality.

Although IL-8 expression has been recently correlated with the tumorpathology of various carcinoma types, the role of IL-8 in tumor development and metastasis is still not fully understood and often discussed controversially. Moreover, it remains unclear whether IL-8 expression is related to cancer progression and metastatic potential in colorectal carcinoma tissues.

This issue was addressed by Dr. Rubie and colleagues from the University of the Saarland, Germany. The investigators report on a potential role of IL-8 in the development and metastatic spread of colorectal cancer in the October 7 issue of the World Journal of Gastroenterology.

The article investigates the expression profile of IL-8 in inflammatory (ulcerative colitis), non-malignant (colorectal adenoma) and CRC tissues of different tumor stages as well as in colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) along with their related primary colorectal tumors.

The major findings demonstrate significant IL-8 up-regulation in all inflammatory, non-malignant and malignant colorectal entities compared to their corresponding normal tissues. However, the magnitude of IL-8 expression in surgical CRC tissue specimens correlates with increasing tumor stages and, thus, also with the malignant status of colorectal cancer cells. Moreover, the investigators show for the first time that, irrespective of the tumor stage, IL-8 is significantly higher expressed in CRC tissues compared to inflammatory colorectal conditions and adenomas of the colon/rectum. Since such conditions often constitute prevalent pre-existing disease states in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer, these results strongly suggest an association between IL-8 up-regulation and the development of CRC. In addition, significant IL-8 overexpression was found in CRLM in comparison to related primary colorectal tumors. Thus, this study not only suggests a correlation between IL-8 expression and the induction and progression of colorectal carcinoma, but also clearly points to a correlation between IL-8 expression and the development of CRLM.

"Monitoring the IL-8 expression level in CRC patients may potentially help to assess the course of cancerous conditions and the prognosis of patients with respect to the development of CRLM. In this respect it is conceivable to monitor the IL-8 expression level in CRC patients that show no diagnosable symptoms of CRLM at the time of presentation, but may still carry a high risk for developing such metastases. A significantly up-regulated level of IL-8 might thus be a useful tool to evaluate the prognosis of patients with CRC with meaningful consequences of treatment. Thus, patients with a higher risk of developing CRLM may receive different treatment compared to patients with a lower risk of developing CRLM."

This study shows that IL-8 may serve as a useful indicator of poor prognosis and a putative target for the development of drugs in CRC therapy.

You-De Chang | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/13/4996.asp

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Correct connections are crucial
26.06.2017 | Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin

nachricht One gene closer to regenerative therapy for muscular disorders
01.06.2017 | Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can we see monkeys from space? Emerging technologies to map biodiversity

An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.

Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...

Im Focus: Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...

Im Focus: How protons move through a fuel cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...

Im Focus: A unique data centre for cosmological simulations

Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.

With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...

Im Focus: Scientists develop molecular thermometer for contactless measurement using infrared light

Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine

Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Plants are networkers

19.06.2017 | Event News

Digital Survival Training for Executives

13.06.2017 | Event News

Global Learning Council Summit 2017

13.06.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Study shines light on brain cells that coordinate movement

26.06.2017 | Life Sciences

Smooth propagation of spin waves using gold

26.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Switchable DNA mini-machines store information

26.06.2017 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>