Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Mental disorders more prevalent in rural than urban settings in Mozambique

21.09.2007
Psychoses, mental retardation, and seizure disorders are all more common in rural than urban settings in Mozambique.

Advocacy to improve understanding of mental disorders, investment in mental-health resources in rural areas, and collaboration with traditional medical practitioners are urgently needed, especially in poor areas. These are the conclusions of authors of an Article in this week’s edition of The Lancet.

Dr Vikram Patel and Dr Helen Weiss, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK and colleagues studied 2739 households in Mozambique, 1796 in Maputo City and 943 in the rural town of Cuamba. A person from each household was asked to identify household members who had symptoms matching the three disorders above, as well as causes of the disorders, and their treatment and current state.

The researchers found that lifetime prevalence rates for all the three disorders were higher in rural than in urban settings. Prevalence of psychoses (in adults) was 4.4% in the rural town versus 1.6% in the city. For mental retardation, the prevalence was 1.9% (rural) versus 1.3 % (city), and for seizure disorders 4.0% (rural) versus 1.6% (city).

Informants in each house most frequently attributed psychoses to supernatural causes, followed by seizure disorder. In about three-quarters of all cases, households had consulted a traditional practitioner. Further, nearly half the people with these disorders in rural areas were rated as being in poor health.

The authors conclude: “These findings imply that mental-health policies in sub-Saharan Africa should focus on advocacy activities to raise awareness about severe mental and neurological disorders; investment in mental-health resources in community care settings, especially in rural areas; and close co-operation with traditional medical practitioners to promote recognition and appropriate management of people with severe mental and neurological disorders.”

In an accompanying Comment, Dr Julio Arboleda-Flórez, Ontario, Canada, says: “The results of this study should provide authorities in Mozambique, at whose behest the study was done, with a basis for planning health services…epidemiological and health-services research to determine the burden of mental illness are urgently needed in developing countries. The integration of mental health services into primary-care systems might be the only way to cope with that burden worldwide.”

Tony Kirby | alfa
Further information:
http://multimedia.thelancet.com/pdf/press/Mozambique.pdf

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Finnish research group discovers a new immune system regulator
23.02.2018 | University of Turku

nachricht Minimising risks of transplants
22.02.2018 | Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Attoseconds break into atomic interior

A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. This has made it possible to observe the interaction of multiple photons in a single such pulse with electrons in the inner orbital shell of an atom.

In order to observe the ultrafast electron motion in the inner shells of atoms with short light pulses, the pulses must not only be ultrashort, but very...

Im Focus: Good vibrations feel the force

A group of researchers led by Andrea Cavalleri at the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg has demonstrated a new method enabling precise measurements of the interatomic forces that hold crystalline solids together. The paper Probing the Interatomic Potential of Solids by Strong-Field Nonlinear Phononics, published online in Nature, explains how a terahertz-frequency laser pulse can drive very large deformations of the crystal.

By measuring the highly unusual atomic trajectories under extreme electromagnetic transients, the MPSD group could reconstruct how rigid the atomic bonds are...

Im Focus: Developing reliable quantum computers

International research team makes important step on the path to solving certification problems

Quantum computers may one day solve algorithmic problems which even the biggest supercomputers today can’t manage. But how do you test a quantum computer to...

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Basque researchers turn light upside down

23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Finnish research group discovers a new immune system regulator

23.02.2018 | Health and Medicine

Attoseconds break into atomic interior

23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>