Earlier research had shown that since the introduction of the effective HAART therapy, in 1996, homosexual men have more unsafe sex. Smit established that drug users did not exhibit more risky behaviour once the perspective of HIV-infected drug users improved. Due to improved hygiene drug users acquired less HIV and less hepatitis C.
Smit also examined coinfections. Due to the increased life expectancy relatively more HIV patients have died from other causes in recent years. Infections as a consequence of a reduced immunity (AIDS) remained the number one cause, but the study also revealed an increase in hepatitis and liver-related death. The cause of this was mostly hepatitis C.
Drugs users with both HIV and hepatitis C have a seven times higher chance of dying from liver-related diseases than drug users with just hepatitis C. The side effects of the therapy might also be the cause of the increased chance of liver-related mortality. Patients need to be followed up for longer for definite statements to be made about this.
Smit used data from various studies for her research, some of which were funded by NWO. These studies had mainly been performed in Amsterdam over the past 25 years.
Dr Colette Smit | alfa
Research reveals how diabetes in pregnancy affects baby's heart
13.12.2017 | University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences
Routing gene therapy directly into the brain
07.12.2017 | Boston Children's Hospital
MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.
Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...
Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...
Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.
To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...
The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...
With innovative experiments, researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrums Geesthacht and the Technical University Hamburg unravel why tiny metallic structures are extremely strong
Light-weight and simultaneously strong – porous metallic nanomaterials promise interesting applications as, for instance, for future aeroplanes with enhanced...
11.12.2017 | Event News
08.12.2017 | Event News
07.12.2017 | Event News
13.12.2017 | Information Technology
13.12.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
13.12.2017 | Health and Medicine