Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging may help predict who's at risk for a heart attack

29.01.2007
The study suggests that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)—a highly sensitive technique that provides three-dimensional views of tissue at the molecular level—effectively measured macrophages or white blood cells, in the arterial walls of blood vessels.

These detailed images allowed researchers not only to see macrophage activity, but also to determine whether the activity was unstable and likely to trigger a heart attack or stroke, explains senior study author Zahi A. Fayad, PhD, Director of the Eva and Morris Feld Cardiovascular Imaging Research Laboratory and a Professor of Radiology and Medicine (Cardiology) at The Mount Sinai Medical Center.

Dr. Fayad and his colleagues injected mice with a synthetic material that tracked down and attached itself to macrophages embedded in the arterial walls. Twenty-four hours after injection, MRI tests showed that measuring and assessing macrophages in the arterial walls yielded a 79 percent increase in detection compared with the initial baseline images taken the day before.

"Our study results clearly show that detecting and measuring macrophage levels using MRI could be an effective and non-invasive screening tool for what's becoming one of the leading public health threats worldwide," Dr. Fayad explains. "We have known that macrophages are red flags indicating inflammation in the blood vessels, and mounting evidence has cemented the causal relationship between inflammation and cardiovascular disease. Yet we lacked the technology to measure this inflammation at the molecular level and predict who was at risk. Now, the technology is here, and our findings demonstrate that this new approach in cardiovascular screening not only works, but works very well."

The next step is to test this new approach in larger animals before moving to human clinical trials. Dr. Fayad says it's possible this technique could become part of standard clinical practice in the next few years.

Atherosclerosis is the pathological cause behind cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral arterial diseases. It is currently the leading cause of death in industrialized nations, and is estimated that in the next 15 years, cardiovascular diseases alone will be the leading cause of death worldwide.

Mount Sinai Press Office | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.mssm.edu

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Norovirus evades immune system by hiding out in rare gut cells
12.10.2017 | University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

nachricht Flexible sensors can detect movement in GI tract
11.10.2017 | Massachusetts Institute of Technology

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Neutron star merger directly observed for the first time

University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event

On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...

Im Focus: Breaking: the first light from two neutron stars merging

Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.

Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....

Im Focus: Smart sensors for efficient processes

Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).

When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...

Im Focus: Cold molecules on collision course

Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.

How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...

Im Focus: Shrinking the proton again!

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.

It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ASEAN Member States discuss the future role of renewable energy

17.10.2017 | Event News

World Health Summit 2017: International experts set the course for the future of Global Health

10.10.2017 | Event News

Climate Engineering Conference 2017 Opens in Berlin

10.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Ocean atmosphere rife with microbes

17.10.2017 | Life Sciences

Neutrons observe vitamin B6-dependent enzyme activity useful for drug development

17.10.2017 | Life Sciences

NASA finds newly formed tropical storm lan over open waters

17.10.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>