Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Moist snuff warning in study from Umeå University scientists

29.08.2006
Is ‘snus,’ or Swedish moist snuff, a wolf in sheep’s clothing? A new longitudinal study from researchers at Umeå University in Sweden shows an increased risk of so-called metabolic syndrome in heavy users of moist snuff.

The metabolic syndrome­-a catch-all name for a picture of disturbed sugar regulation, high blood pressure, high blood fats, and obesity-­increases the more individuals use moist snuff, according to a study being published in Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

In Västerbotten County in Sweden as of the early 1990s, all middle-aged men are invited to take part in a health study the year they turn 40, 50, and 60. Besides having their height, weight, blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood fat levels monitored, participants fill out a comprehensive questionnaire about their life situation and habits. As of 2006 75,000 individuals have participated in the Västerbotten health study. Of the some 25,000 people who were examined over the five-year period 1990–1994, 16,500 came back when they were offered a health check-up ten years later.

Although the researchers took into consideration gender, age, physical activity, level of education, and alcohol problems as well as known family history of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, the statistical analysis nevertheless showed a 60% increase in metabolic syndrome among those who were heavy users of moist snuff (defined as at least 4 boxes a week) in their first health check-up.

Scrutiny of what components of metabolic syndrome were affected by moist snuff indicated that increase use of this snuff primarily increases the risk of obesity and raised levels of blood fats (triglycerides).

The study, the first longitudinal analysis of moist snuff and metabolic syndrome, shows that we should be paying close attention to the effects of moist snuff on our health. The risks of smoking are incontrovertibly greater than those of using moist snuff. But the Umeå study shows that it is premature to declare that it is safe to use moist snuff. Even though the study indicates that frequent consumption of moist snuff increases the risk of metabolic syndrome, further research is needed regarding what mechanisms lie behind these new findings.

Hans Fällman | alfa
Further information:
http://www.umu.se
http://www.journalsonline.tandf.co.uk/media

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Team discovers how bacteria exploit a chink in the body's armor
20.01.2017 | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

nachricht Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains
19.01.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Helmholtz International Fellow Award for Sarah Amalia Teichmann

20.01.2017 | Awards Funding

An innovative high-performance material: biofibers made from green lacewing silk

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>