The metabolic syndrome-a catch-all name for a picture of disturbed sugar regulation, high blood pressure, high blood fats, and obesity-increases the more individuals use moist snuff, according to a study being published in Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.
In Västerbotten County in Sweden as of the early 1990s, all middle-aged men are invited to take part in a health study the year they turn 40, 50, and 60. Besides having their height, weight, blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood fat levels monitored, participants fill out a comprehensive questionnaire about their life situation and habits. As of 2006 75,000 individuals have participated in the Västerbotten health study. Of the some 25,000 people who were examined over the five-year period 1990–1994, 16,500 came back when they were offered a health check-up ten years later.
Although the researchers took into consideration gender, age, physical activity, level of education, and alcohol problems as well as known family history of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, the statistical analysis nevertheless showed a 60% increase in metabolic syndrome among those who were heavy users of moist snuff (defined as at least 4 boxes a week) in their first health check-up.
Scrutiny of what components of metabolic syndrome were affected by moist snuff indicated that increase use of this snuff primarily increases the risk of obesity and raised levels of blood fats (triglycerides).
The study, the first longitudinal analysis of moist snuff and metabolic syndrome, shows that we should be paying close attention to the effects of moist snuff on our health. The risks of smoking are incontrovertibly greater than those of using moist snuff. But the Umeå study shows that it is premature to declare that it is safe to use moist snuff. Even though the study indicates that frequent consumption of moist snuff increases the risk of metabolic syndrome, further research is needed regarding what mechanisms lie behind these new findings.
Second cause of hidden hearing loss identified
20.02.2017 | Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan
Prospect for more effective treatment of nerve pain
20.02.2017 | Universität Zürich
In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport
Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...
The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.
The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...
Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...
Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".
Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...
13.02.2017 | Event News
10.02.2017 | Event News
09.02.2017 | Event News
20.02.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.02.2017 | Health and Medicine
20.02.2017 | Health and Medicine