Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Moist snuff warning in study from Umeå University scientists

29.08.2006
Is ‘snus,’ or Swedish moist snuff, a wolf in sheep’s clothing? A new longitudinal study from researchers at Umeå University in Sweden shows an increased risk of so-called metabolic syndrome in heavy users of moist snuff.

The metabolic syndrome­-a catch-all name for a picture of disturbed sugar regulation, high blood pressure, high blood fats, and obesity-­increases the more individuals use moist snuff, according to a study being published in Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

In Västerbotten County in Sweden as of the early 1990s, all middle-aged men are invited to take part in a health study the year they turn 40, 50, and 60. Besides having their height, weight, blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood fat levels monitored, participants fill out a comprehensive questionnaire about their life situation and habits. As of 2006 75,000 individuals have participated in the Västerbotten health study. Of the some 25,000 people who were examined over the five-year period 1990–1994, 16,500 came back when they were offered a health check-up ten years later.

Although the researchers took into consideration gender, age, physical activity, level of education, and alcohol problems as well as known family history of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, the statistical analysis nevertheless showed a 60% increase in metabolic syndrome among those who were heavy users of moist snuff (defined as at least 4 boxes a week) in their first health check-up.

Scrutiny of what components of metabolic syndrome were affected by moist snuff indicated that increase use of this snuff primarily increases the risk of obesity and raised levels of blood fats (triglycerides).

The study, the first longitudinal analysis of moist snuff and metabolic syndrome, shows that we should be paying close attention to the effects of moist snuff on our health. The risks of smoking are incontrovertibly greater than those of using moist snuff. But the Umeå study shows that it is premature to declare that it is safe to use moist snuff. Even though the study indicates that frequent consumption of moist snuff increases the risk of metabolic syndrome, further research is needed regarding what mechanisms lie behind these new findings.

Hans Fällman | alfa
Further information:
http://www.umu.se
http://www.journalsonline.tandf.co.uk/media

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Investigators may unlock mystery of how staph cells dodge the body's immune system
22.09.2017 | Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

nachricht Monitoring the heart's mitochondria to predict cardiac arrest?
21.09.2017 | Boston Children's Hospital

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: The pyrenoid is a carbon-fixing liquid droplet

Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.

A warming planet

Im Focus: Highly precise wiring in the Cerebral Cortex

Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.

The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...

Im Focus: Tiny lasers from a gallery of whispers

New technique promises tunable laser devices

Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...

Im Focus: Ultrafast snapshots of relaxing electrons in solids

Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!

When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...

Im Focus: Quantum Sensors Decipher Magnetic Ordering in a New Semiconducting Material

For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.

Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

“Lasers in Composites Symposium” in Aachen – from Science to Application

19.09.2017 | Event News

I-ESA 2018 – Call for Papers

12.09.2017 | Event News

EMBO at Basel Life, a new conference on current and emerging life science research

06.09.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Rainbow colors reveal cell history: Uncovering β-cell heterogeneity

22.09.2017 | Life Sciences

Penn first in world to treat patient with new radiation technology

22.09.2017 | Medical Engineering

Calculating quietness

22.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>