Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


How to diagnose urinary tract infections (UTI) in the under fives


How to diagnose urinary tract infections (UTI) in the under fives is the focus of the latest issue of EFFECTIVE HEALTH CARE.
UTI is common in children. Around 6.3% of girls and 2.4% of boys will be referred with UTIs by the age of five years. Children who are misdiagnosed can either fail to receive appropriate treatment or receive unnecessary treatment and investigation.

Good management involves prompt diagnosis, rapid treatment and the detection of any underlying cause that might lead to further infections or long-term renal damage.

A systematic review of the research evidence has shown that:

  • Urine dipstick tests can be used to guide initial diagnosis. For UTIs in children the most useful dipstick tests are leucocyte esterase (LE) and nitrite. The evidence showed that if these two particular tests were positive, (nitrite and leukocyte esterase (LE)) then there was a very high likelihood of a UTI.
  • Further investigations for UTI can be unpleasant and carry risks as they generally involve catheterization and/or radiation (distressing for children and parents/guardians). It has been shown that if the urine dipstick tests for both LE and nitrite are negative, or microscopic analysis is negative for an infection, the need for further investigation for UTI can be avoided.
  • Only children with a recurrent UTI should be considered for further investigation.
  • There is no evidence to support ‘routine’ imaging of children with UTI; requests for imaging should be made by clinicians on an individual child basis in full consultation with the parents/guardians.

Further information about this issue of Effective Health Care can be obtained from Alison Booth or Paul Wilson, Tel: 01904 321040, Fax 01904 321041.

Paul Wilson | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia
21.10.2016 | Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg

nachricht New potential cancer treatment using microwaves to target deep tumors
12.10.2016 | University of Texas at Arlington

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

Im Focus: Ultra-thin ferroelectric material for next-generation electronics

'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.

Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia

21.10.2016 | Health and Medicine

Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions

21.10.2016 | Information Technology

From ancient fossils to future cars

21.10.2016 | Materials Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>