Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Evaluation of early intervention in autism

16.11.2004


The Tizard Centre at the University of Kent recently presented its findings from an important pilot study on early intervention for children with autism.

Funded by the National Autistic Society and The British Academy, and conducted by Dr Julie Beadle-Brown, Professor Glynis Murphy and researcher Hannah Dorey, this pilot study consisted of two parts, each examining different aspects of early intervention programmes for young children with autism.

The first part of this study explored factors affecting parental choice of early intervention, with a particular focus on parenting style. The second part was an evaluation of treatment outcomes for children participating in the Son-Rise and Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) intervention programmes.



After working with a total of twenty-one families, the University of Kent team discovered that the main reason parents chose a particular intervention style was because they agreed with the treatment provider’s philosophy. It was originally thought that ABA parents might have a more directive style of parenting while Son-Rise parents would be generally less directive, but no such pattern was found.

Anecdotal recommendations were also the most common way that parents first came to hear of interventions for autism. Only one parent (in the ABA group) stated that published scientific literature had contributed to their decision, although this is understandable for the Son-Rise parents as there have not been any formal scientific evaluations of the programme to date. It is also difficult for parents to gain access to scientific journals and so many rely on anecdotal recommendation from other parents when deciding upon an intervention for their child.

With regard to evaluation of treatment outcomes and contrary to expectations, no real differences either between or within the ABA, Son-Rise or control groups were found.

General conclusions are that some children may respond better to early intervention than others; that treatment should be tailored to suit each individual child; and a combination of approaches may be required to optimise outcomes. The pilot study also revealed that in any further study evaluating early intervention, it was important to use a longer time frame for evaluation – it was possible that the six to nine month follow-up used here was not sufficient to identify significant differences between the groups. It is also important to take into account adherence to treatment principles in order to assess any one intervention type. A full study looking at these issues is planned for the next two to three years.

Gary Hughes | alfa
Further information:
http://www.kent.ac.uk

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Penn vet research identifies new target for taming Ebola
12.01.2017 | University of Pennsylvania

nachricht The strange double life of Dab2
10.01.2017 | University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

Im Focus: How to inflate a hardened concrete shell with a weight of 80 t

At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).

Concrete shells are efficient structures, but not very resource efficient. The formwork for the construction of concrete domes alone requires a high amount of...

Im Focus: Bacterial Pac Man molecule snaps at sugar

Many pathogens use certain sugar compounds from their host to help conceal themselves against the immune system. Scientists at the University of Bonn have now, in cooperation with researchers at the University of York in the United Kingdom, analyzed the dynamics of a bacterial molecule that is involved in this process. They demonstrate that the protein grabs onto the sugar molecule with a Pac Man-like chewing motion and holds it until it can be used. Their results could help design therapeutics that could make the protein poorer at grabbing and holding and hence compromise the pathogen in the host. The study has now been published in “Biophysical Journal”.

The cells of the mouth, nose and intestinal mucosa produce large quantities of a chemical called sialic acid. Many bacteria possess a special transport system...

Im Focus: Newly proposed reference datasets improve weather satellite data quality

UMD, NOAA collaboration demonstrates suitability of in-orbit datasets for weather satellite calibration

"Traffic and weather, together on the hour!" blasts your local radio station, while your smartphone knows the weather halfway across the world. A network of...

Im Focus: Repairing defects in fiber-reinforced plastics more efficiently

Fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) are frequently used in the aeronautic and automobile industry. However, the repair of workpieces made of these composite materials is often less profitable than exchanging the part. In order to increase the lifetime of FRP parts and to make them more eco-efficient, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) and the Apodius GmbH want to combine a new measuring device for fiber layer orientation with an innovative laser-based repair process.

Defects in FRP pieces may be production or operation-related. Whether or not repair is cost-effective depends on the geometry of the defective area, the tools...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

Nothing will happen without batteries making it happen!

05.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Multiregional brain on a chip

16.01.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

New technology enables 5-D imaging in live animals, humans

16.01.2017 | Information Technology

Researchers develop environmentally friendly soy air filter

16.01.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>