Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Evaluation of early intervention in autism

16.11.2004


The Tizard Centre at the University of Kent recently presented its findings from an important pilot study on early intervention for children with autism.

Funded by the National Autistic Society and The British Academy, and conducted by Dr Julie Beadle-Brown, Professor Glynis Murphy and researcher Hannah Dorey, this pilot study consisted of two parts, each examining different aspects of early intervention programmes for young children with autism.

The first part of this study explored factors affecting parental choice of early intervention, with a particular focus on parenting style. The second part was an evaluation of treatment outcomes for children participating in the Son-Rise and Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) intervention programmes.



After working with a total of twenty-one families, the University of Kent team discovered that the main reason parents chose a particular intervention style was because they agreed with the treatment provider’s philosophy. It was originally thought that ABA parents might have a more directive style of parenting while Son-Rise parents would be generally less directive, but no such pattern was found.

Anecdotal recommendations were also the most common way that parents first came to hear of interventions for autism. Only one parent (in the ABA group) stated that published scientific literature had contributed to their decision, although this is understandable for the Son-Rise parents as there have not been any formal scientific evaluations of the programme to date. It is also difficult for parents to gain access to scientific journals and so many rely on anecdotal recommendation from other parents when deciding upon an intervention for their child.

With regard to evaluation of treatment outcomes and contrary to expectations, no real differences either between or within the ABA, Son-Rise or control groups were found.

General conclusions are that some children may respond better to early intervention than others; that treatment should be tailored to suit each individual child; and a combination of approaches may be required to optimise outcomes. The pilot study also revealed that in any further study evaluating early intervention, it was important to use a longer time frame for evaluation – it was possible that the six to nine month follow-up used here was not sufficient to identify significant differences between the groups. It is also important to take into account adherence to treatment principles in order to assess any one intervention type. A full study looking at these issues is planned for the next two to three years.

Gary Hughes | alfa
Further information:
http://www.kent.ac.uk

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht New malaria analysis method reveals disease severity in minutes
14.08.2017 | University of British Columbia

nachricht New type of blood cells work as indicators of autoimmunity
14.08.2017 | Instituto de Medicina Molecular

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A Map of the Cell’s Power Station

18.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet

18.08.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>