Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Mobile HIV testing program removes barriers to testing in Sub-Saharan Africa

14.07.2004


A voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) program using a mobile van to travel to marketplaces in townships and villages overcomes the structural barriers to HIV testing in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to UCSF researchers.



"Mobile VCT eliminates the cost and inconvenience of having to travel to urban centers for HIV testing, while the presence of the mobile van with outreach workers in busy marketplaces creates familiarity with the testing process and reduces the stigma associated with this process, a significant psychological barrier to testing," said study lead author, Gertrude Khumalo-Sakutukwa, MSW, M Med Sc, an academic specialist at the UCSF AIDS Policy Research Center.

Khumalo-Sakutukwa presented the findings at the XV International AIDS Conference in Bangkok, Thailand on July 14.


A mobile testing van traveled to six marketplaces in villages and townships in Epworth and Seke, Zimbabwe on a rotating basis offering free VCT using rapid HIV tests and same-day results. Researchers had identified the cost of paying for an HIV test and the cost and inconvenience of traveling to the city as the significant structural barriers to testing.

The major psychological barriers identified by the researchers included social stigma associated with being seen going into an HIV testing site, assumption that testers have HIV or AIDS, and fear of learning that one did indeed have HIV. Researchers addressed these concerns by creating a community advisory board (CAB) before testing started and having CAB members engage the community, creating awareness and generating discussions about HIV and testing. The rotating presence of the mobile VCT van in crowded marketplaces became the talk of the community, leading to increased familiarity and diminished stigma.

"Two elements of mobile VCT should be noted. One is the acceptance of rapid tests, and participants liked getting their results the same day and had no doubts that the results were theirs because the blood samples were not sent away for a week. Second, it is important to provide post-test support services including post-test clubs that include both negative and positive test-takers and linkages to medical, psychosocial, and spiritual services for those who test positive," said study co-author, Stephen F. Morin, PhD, director, UCSF AIDS Policy Research Center.

Jeff Sheehy | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.ucsf.edu

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Researchers identify new way to unmask melanoma cells to the immune system
17.01.2018 | Duke University Medical Center

nachricht Study advances gene therapy for glaucoma
17.01.2018 | University of Wisconsin-Madison

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Scientists decipher key principle behind reaction of metalloenzymes

So-called pre-distorted states accelerate photochemical reactions too

What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...

Im Focus: The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge

For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.

Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...

Im Focus: Paradigm shift in Paris: Encouraging an holistic view of laser machining

At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.

No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...

Im Focus: Room-temperature multiferroic thin films and their properties

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.

Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...

Im Focus: A thermometer for the oceans

Measurement of noble gases in Antarctic ice cores

The oceans are the largest global heat reservoir. As a result of man-made global warming, the temperature in the global climate system increases; around 90% of...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

10th International Symposium: “Advanced Battery Power – Kraftwerk Batterie” Münster, 10-11 April 2018

08.01.2018 | Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Polymers Based on Boron?

18.01.2018 | Life Sciences

Bioengineered soft microfibers improve T-cell production

18.01.2018 | Life Sciences

World’s oldest known oxygen oasis discovered

18.01.2018 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>