Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Globally recognised Rescue “Bible” now includes chapter on avalanches for the first time

18.10.2010
New resuscitation guidelines from ILCOR: South Tyrol avalanche experts rewrite entire chapter on hypothermia

“Server overload!” was the message on October 18 on websites all over the world run by first aid and resuscitation organisations. And the reason for this massive surge in interest? The publication of the newly revised guidelines which the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) issues every five years.

These guidelines are provided for doctors, paramedics and first aiders worldwide. And for the first time ever, this “Bible of Reanimation” includes a chapter on the resuscitation of avalanche victims. The recommendations are based on the scientific findings of South Tyrol doctor Hermann Brugger who is in charge of the research institute for Alpine Emergency Medicine at the European Academy of Bozen / Bolzano, the only one of its kind in the world.

“Yet again, we were able to move things forward”, says Hermann Brugger, sitting in his office chair which, a whole year after the opening of the Institute for Alpine Emergency Medicine in Bozen / Bolzano, still shows no signs of wear and tear. His activities as an enthusiastic mountaineer, mountain rescue medic, general practitioner in his home town of Bruneck, lecturer at the University of Innsbruck and, last but not least, as the manager of his Institute, mean that he is always on the move.

He has just come back from attending this year’s annual meeting of the International Commission for Alpine Rescue (ICAR-CISA) which was held in Slovakia, where the EURAC Institute of Alpine Emergency Medicine was without much further ado accepted as an official member of ICAR and entrusted with the task of drawing up the scientific principles of Alpine Medicine for future international mountain rescue guidelines.

Brugger’s core areas include research into trauma caused by extreme low temperatures as well as the recovery and treatment of avalanche victims. In a pioneering study, carried out in collaboration with his Canadian colleague Jeff Boyd, he worked through the entire international research literature on avalanche medicine published since the 1970s. They systematically checked more than one thousand articles for factors contributing to the survival of avalanche victims. The results of this study served as the scientific basis for the chapter dealing with the resuscitation of avalanche victims which has now found its way into the guidelines of the International International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR).

The 230 pages long manual contains the ILCOR guidelines – practical guidelines for resuscitation based on standard international recommendations and a broad consensus, as well as on detailed scientific analysis. Every five years the latest scientific findings, translated into concrete, step-by-step instructions, are incorporated into the guidelines and published in a new edition. These instructions are mandatory for all doctors, rescue services, first aid instructors as well as first aiders without medical training.

The inclusion of new chapters is subject to the most rigorous selection criteria. Brugger remembers how, in the course of an Internet telephone conference on January 5th 2009, they were cross-examined by 40 ILCOR experts from all over the world, who challenged them on areas of ambiguity and subjected the results of the study to the closest possible scrutiny. In conclusion, the research results were accepted and made available for comment on the Internet for the period of one year, before being finally included in the present ILCOR guidelines.

In conjunction with Peter Paal, also from South Tyrol and a lecturer at the Innsbruck University Clinic, Brugger additionally rewrote the entire ILCOR chapter on hypothermia, in order to reflect the latest scientific findings in this area.

Laura Defranceschi | idw
Further information:
http://www.cprguidelines.eu/2010

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM

nachricht A promising target for kidney fibrosis
21.04.2017 | Brigham and Women's Hospital

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

7th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics in Freiburg on April 3-5, 2017

03.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Scientist invents way to trigger artificial photosynthesis to clean air

26.04.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ammonium nitrogen input increases the synthesis of anticarcinogenic compounds in broccoli

26.04.2017 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

SwRI-led team discovers lull in Mars' giant impact history

26.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>