Today in Brussels the European Rail Research Advisory Council (ERRAC) presented a comprehensive Strategic Rail Research Agenda (SRRA), which identifies key scientific and technological priorities for both passenger and freight rail transport over the next 20 years.
ERRAC was created one year ago in Cologne, initiated by European Research Commissioner Philippe Busquin. It is the first time that a long-term plan for rail research and technological development has been jointly devised and endorsed by all interested parties. The Strategic Agenda addresses challenges such as better service quality, intelligent mobility, enhanced productivity and interoperability. By 2020 the rail sector should be handling twice the present freight and passenger market share and three times the current freight and passenger volume.
“There will be no sustainable transport in Europe without a safe and efficient railway system,” said Commissioner Busquin. “To build modern railways, we need modern regulation but also better and stronger research investment in the sector. For the first time in European history, the rail industry and research community are developing a truly European strategic rail research agenda. If all players co-ordinate efforts in a forward-looking technological platform for rail, we can ensure a better future for rail in Europe and for European rail in the world. This is what I mean by a modern industrial policy in the knowledge-based society.”
Each research area selected in the SRRA has been evaluated and its contribution to the competitiveness of rail transport has been concretely assessed. ERRAC members agreed on precise, quantified objectives for rail transport in 2020. In particular, these include obtaining a 15% share of the freight transport market and 12% share of the passenger market. This implies trebling the number of passengers and the volume of goods carried by rail over the next twenty years. To meet this goal, the SRRA is directly supporting key European Union transport policy objectives such as re-balancing the transport modes in favour of rail and creating a single railway market.
Teamwork in research pays off
ERRAC and its SRRA are concrete examples of what the European Research Area (ERA) is all about - focusing on significant policy areas where co-operation at European level is needed to eliminate the adverse effects of fragmented research efforts. The SRRA will stimulate co-ordination in the rail sector, helping it to avoid unproductive duplication. ERRAC will capitalise on its ability to bring together all concerned players, rail operators, manufacturers, infrastructure operators, national and European public authorities, but also users and consumers associations, and environmental organisations.
Co-ordinating research programmes at all levels - European, national, public and private - accompanies the implementation phase of the Strategic Agenda. While it is still in an early phase, the SRRA has already been endorsed by several EU Member States, the European Commission, rail operators and suppliers, user groups, research institutes and academia – a first for the industry.
The role of EU research
Rail research has been a key priority of successive EU Research Framework Programmes. More than 40 research projects are currently underway, in areas such as sustainability, intermodality and critical rail technologies. These projects bring together more than 200 partners from the public and private sectors, including all leading businesses in this sector. EU support amounts to more than €150 million.
Examples include the EU Drivers’ Desk project, which is developing a common driver desk for use across Europe, improving the human-machine interface and fostering interoperability, and the SAFETRAIN project which has significantly increased the chances of survival of both passengers and staff in serious collisions.
Within the 6th EU Research Framework Programme (FP6 2003-2006), the Commission is setting a new and ambitious agenda for rail research, in line with ERA priorities and philosophy, which will ultimately help the implementation of the SRRA. A budget of around €250 million has been pencilled-in for railway research. Final allocation of funds to rail research will depend on the excellence of the proposals the Commission receives.
The aim is to maximise synergies between European, national and private-sector research, network existing centres of excellence in rail research, foster innovative public/private partnerships around large-scale, long-term collaborative projects. This implies greater mobility of researchers and optimisation of research infrastructures, improving co-ordination of national research (all too often duplicated in the rail sector), reinforcing consensus and common vision between industry partners and ensuring the full participation of industrial and individual users of European railways.
The 1st call of the 6th Framework Programme, launched on 17th December 2002, identifies four key project areas, which follow up the activities of ERRAC and the Strategic Rail Research Agenda.
Three Integrated Projects will focus on:
A Network of Excellence will cover the establishment of a “Virtual centre for rail technology and knowledge management”, further enhancing the knowledge base within this critical technologically oriented sector, addressing systems, compliance and training issues.
Fabio Fabbi | Europäische Union
Variable speed limits could reduce crashes, ease congestion in highway work zones
07.06.2017 | University of Missouri-Columbia
Experiments show that a few self-driving cars can dramatically improve traffic flow
10.05.2017 | University of Illinois College of Engineering
An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.
Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...
Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.
Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...
Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.
As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...
Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.
With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...
Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...
19.06.2017 | Event News
13.06.2017 | Event News
13.06.2017 | Event News
23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
23.06.2017 | Information Technology