Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Laying Microscale Tiles

26.03.2007
Microcrystalline monolayers: Laying by hand is superior to self-assembly methods

Craftsmen tile walls or floors by hand; but how can you get an ordered monolayer onto a substrate when the “tiles” are microscopically small instead of big and easy to handle? Previously, self-assembly processes have been the method of choice for this scale. Korean researchers have now come to the realization that even such tiny components can be arranged in a “do-it-yourself” method. As they describe in the journal Angewandte Chemie, their manually produced monolayers of microcrystals are qualitatively superior to the self-assembled variety.

How small can components be such that they can still be glued to a surface by hand? And conversely, how big can microscale components be such that they can still be arranged by self-assembly? Which method is best in the size range in which both techniques work? These questions have been investigated by a team led by Kyung Byung Yoon at Sogang University in Seoul. To find answers, they carried out experiments with variously sized zeolite crystals. Zeolites are aluminosilicate minerals with a wide range of applications in many technical fields.

The powdered zeolite was applied by simply rubbing it on with a finger (with and without wearing a latex glove). Alternatively, they were applied in solution, and ultrasound was used to kick-start the self-assembly process. The “glue” between the “mini-tiles” and the substrate was the attraction between oppositely charged groups of atoms, hydrogen bonds, and chemical bonds between reactive groups of atoms.

... more about:
»monolayer »self-assembly

The experiments demonstrated that self-assembly only works for particles smaller than about 3 µm. Hand-application works for crystals as small as 0.5 µm in diameter. In the overlapping range (0.5 to 3 µm), hand application is preferable to self-assembly for quality: the packing is denser and the microcrystals are oriented more regularly. Whereas self-assembly produces individual crystals grown at a 90° angle onto the monolayer, such “parasites” are simply rubbed off by hand. There are other “handy” advantages of the manual process as well: it is simpler, doesn’t require a solvent or special equipment, runs more smoothly, and allows treatment of larger surfaces.

Author: Kyung Byung Yoon, Sogang University, Seoul (Korea), http://www.sogang.ac.kr/bbs/faculty/2profile.php?para=101191

Title: Manual Assembly of Microcrystal Monolayers on Substrates

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2007, 46, No. 17, doi: 10.1002/anie.200604367

| Angewandte Chemie
Further information:
http://pressroom.angewandte.org.
http://www.sogang.ac.kr/bbs/faculty/2profile.php?para=101191
http://www.wiley.co.uk

Further reports about: monolayer self-assembly

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht New risk factors for anxiety disorders
24.02.2017 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

nachricht Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers
24.02.2017 | Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

New risk factors for anxiety disorders

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

MWC 2017: 5G Capital Berlin

24.02.2017 | Trade Fair News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>