Tumor cells can grow without control by weakening specific cells of the immune system, the T-cells, which normally detect and destroy tumor cells. The findings of Dr. Gerald Willimsky and Prof. Thomas Blankenstein (Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, MDC, Berlin-Buch and Charité) were generated in transgenic mice over a period of seven years and have now been published in the scientific journal Nature* (doi:10.1038/nature03954). Until now, the notion was that tumor cells escape recognition and subsequent destruction by T-cells by hiding.
Furthermore, Dr. Willimsky and Prof. Blankenstein could show that the immune system recognizes tumors derived from single cells and strongly reacts, for example by the increase in T-cells. However, these T-cells do not function. The findings of the two immunologists refer to sporadic tumors which develop without influence from the outside. T-cells on the other hand can control cancers caused by viral infection (e.g., B cell lymphomas triggered by Epstein Barr viruses). Even though tumor cells weaken the immune system, the two researchers are convinced that there is still hope for an immune therapy because tumor cells do not lose their structures which are targets for immune cells, making them still vulnerable for detection and destruction.
Barbara Bachtler | alfa
Transport of molecular motors into cilia
28.03.2017 | Aarhus University
Asian dust providing key nutrients for California's giant sequoias
28.03.2017 | University of California - Riverside
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
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