High-throughput genotyping and expression profiling of a recombinant strain of yeast. (Photo: Storey et al.)
An innovative new statistical method, described in the open-access journal PLoS Biology, streamlines the computation required to identify all the potential locations in the genome that influence a particular physical trait, or phenotype. Thanks to the new method developed by John Storey, Joshua M. Akey, and Leonid Kruglyak, researchers have a more efficient genome-mining technique to help them identify all the genomic elements that produce specific traits. In brewer’s yeast alone, Storey and colleagues found that 37% of gene expression traits link to two loci, or positions in the genome.
"We were interested in being able to find combinations of genes that affect the phenotype," says Kruglyak. "It’s generally thought that most traits of interest have a complex underlying genetic basis, but it’s generally been pretty difficult to get at those." Typically, researchers might be able to find only one of the genetic factors, even though more than one genetic location contributes to the observed trait, such as blood pressure or cell growth.
The new statistical method bypasses the previously overwhelming computations needed to puzzle together the myriad elements that influence gene expression throughout an entire genome. And unlike earlier approaches to understanding how multiple loci interact, the new technique can distinguish between a group of genes with a linked subset and a group of genes with "joint linkage," where each gene site links to another.
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