Credit: Dr. Mickie Bhatia
A study published in the May issue of Developmental Cell identifies specific genes that appear to be key players in the regulation of human-blood stem cells. This work is the first to validate gene expression analysis in human stem cells with functional experiments. The findings also suggest that changes in the expression of genes associated with universal cell signaling pathways can have a substantial impact on human stem cell behavior.
Formation and ongoing maintenance of blood cells begins with a rare cell called a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) that has the ability to make more copies of itself or differentiate into progenitors that then form red blood cells, various types of white blood cells, or platelets. Blood cells must be constantly renewed throughout the lifetime of an animal, so control and regulation of HSCs is critical for survival. Although it is clear that the capacity for HSC proliferation and differentiation declines with age, not much is known about exactly how HSC physiology is regulated.
Dr. Mickie Bhatia and colleagues from the Robarts Research Institute in Ontario used genome-wide gene-expression profiling (microarray analysis) to examine purified subsets of defined blood-cell populations containing progenitors or HSCs from multiple stages of human development. The researchers identified two genes that act independently to enhance cell-cycle progression and inhibit cell death specifically in HSCs. The role of one gene, HES-1, ties in with previous research pointing to the importance of the cell-cycle-associated Notch signaling pathway. The second gene, HLF, is a DNA-binding transcription factor involved in preventing premature HSC death. Bhatia and colleagues showed that raising the amount of either gene in human HSCs increased their capacity for forming blood cells when they were transferred into mice.
Heidi Hardman | EurekAlert!
New application for acoustics helps estimate marine life populations
16.01.2018 | University of California - San Diego
Unexpected environmental source of methane discovered
16.01.2018 | University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine
What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...
For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.
Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...
At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.
Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...
The oceans are the largest global heat reservoir. As a result of man-made global warming, the temperature in the global climate system increases; around 90% of...
08.01.2018 | Event News
11.12.2017 | Event News
08.12.2017 | Event News
16.01.2018 | Materials Sciences
16.01.2018 | Materials Sciences
16.01.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering