The Simatic PCS 7 AS RTX is a member of the Simatic PCS 7 controller family and offers the same system environment for engineering, visualization and communications. The new controller is based on the compact, rugged, zero-maintenance Simatic Microbox PC 427B.
Designed for continuous 24/7 operation at ambient temperatures of up to 55 degrees Celsius, the PC operates without any moving parts, such as hard disks or fans. The Windows XP Embedded operating system, WinAC RTX controller software and Simatic PC DiagMonitor diagnostic software are preinstalled on a CompactFlash card.
Fitting seamlessly into the series of Simatic PCS 7 automation systems that are already available, the Simatic PCS 7 AS RTX may also be used in conjunction with these in a process plant. The new controller is equipped with an industrial Ethernet interface for connection to the system bus and a PROFIBUS interface for the process peripherals.
The process data is stored in a buffered 2 MB SRAM, whereby loss of data is prevented by a power supply with electrical isolation and bridging of supply failures. Additional protection is provided by parameterizable monitoring functions for program flow and watchdogs, as well as processor and board temperatures.The Simatic PC DiagMonitor software and Simatic PCS 7 Maintenance Station offer a means of registering and evaluating diagnostic data and messages, including elapsed-hour meter and system status, for example. The Simatic PCS 7 Engineering System is used to configure the Simatic PCS 7 AS RTX and also takes care of runtime license administration.
Gerhard Stauss | Siemens Industry Automation
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Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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