Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


NASA satellite sees Hurricane Jimena explode in strength over 4 days

AIRS infrared imagery sees hurricane development

Hurricane Warnings are up for the southern Baja California, as powerful Category Four Hurricane Jimena threatens. Jimena developed over the weekend, and the infrared instrument on NASA's Aqua satellite captured that explosive development.

This time-series of AIRS satellite image shows Jimena\'s high, cold clouds (depicted in purple and blue) become organized from Aug. 27-30 when she went from a low pressure area to a powerful Category 4 hurricane. Credit: NASA/JPL, Ed Olsen

A hurricane warning is in effect for the southern portion of the Baja California peninsula from Bahia Magdalena southward on the west coast...and from San Evaristo southward on the east coast, including Cabo San Lucas. Hurricane conditions are expected in the Warning area within 24 hours.

NASA's Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument captured the explosive growth of Hurricane Jimena in the Eastern Pacific Ocean from August 27-30, 2009.

On August 27, Jimena was a low pressure area and AIRS showed lower cloud tops and a disorganized system. On August 28, AIRS captured Jimena when she became Tropical Depression 13-E. By 2 a.m. EDT August 29, Jimena was a Tropical Storm, and AIRS saw a better organized, more rounded storm with growing thunderstorms. By 8 p.m. EDT August 29, Jimena became a Hurricane. By 1:30 p.m. August 30, Hurricane Jimena strengthened to a Category Four Hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale and AIRS revealed towering thunderstorms around her center of circulation.

In infrared imagery, NASA's false-colored purple clouds are as cold as or colder than 220 Kelvin or minus 63 degrees Fahrenheit (F). The blue colored clouds are about 240 Kelvin, or minus 27F. Today's satellite imagery indicated Jimena's cloud top temperatures were colder than minus 63F indicating powerful thunderstorms in her center.

At 11 a.m. EDT today, August 31, Jimena had maximum sustained winds near 145 mph making her a powerful Category Four hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale (It is 10 mph under Category Five status). Jimena is a compact storm, with hurricane force winds only extending only 30 miles out, and tropical storm force winds out to 80 miles from the center.

Her center was about 355 miles south-southeast of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, near 18.0 north and 108.3 west. She was moving northwest near 8 mph, and had a minimum central pressure near 940 millibars.

The National Hurricane Center said in its 11 a.m. EDT update today, "Jimena is expected to produce total rain accumulations of 5 to 10 inches over the southern half of the Baja California peninsula and portions of western Mexico during the next 2 days, with possible isolated maximum amounts of 15 inches. A storm surge along with large and dangerous battering waves will produce significant coastal flooding along the Baja California peninsula."

Rob Gutro | EurekAlert!
Further information:

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht Wandering greenhouse gas
16.03.2018 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung

nachricht Unique Insights into the Antarctic Ice Shelf System
14.03.2018 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Tiny implants for cells are functional in vivo

For the first time, an interdisciplinary team from the University of Basel has succeeded in integrating artificial organelles into the cells of live zebrafish embryos. This innovative approach using artificial organelles as cellular implants offers new potential in treating a range of diseases, as the authors report in an article published in Nature Communications.

In the cells of higher organisms, organelles such as the nucleus or mitochondria perform a range of complex functions necessary for life. In the networks of...

Im Focus: Locomotion control with photopigments

Researchers from Göttingen University discover additional function of opsins

Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...

Im Focus: Surveying the Arctic: Tracking down carbon particles

Researchers embark on aerial campaign over Northeast Greenland

On 15 March, the AWI research aeroplane Polar 5 will depart for Greenland. Concentrating on the furthest northeast region of the island, an international team...

Im Focus: Unique Insights into the Antarctic Ice Shelf System

Data collected on ocean-ice interactions in the little-researched regions of the far south

The world’s second-largest ice shelf was the destination for a Polarstern expedition that ended in Punta Arenas, Chile on 14th March 2018. Oceanographers from...

Im Focus: ILA 2018: Laser alternative to hexavalent chromium coating

At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25–29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions.

When the EU restricted the use of hexavalent chromium compounds to special applications requiring authorization, the move prompted a rethink in the surface...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Industry & Economy
Event News

Virtual reality conference comes to Reutlingen

19.03.2018 | Event News

Ultrafast Wireless and Chip Design at the DATE Conference in Dresden

16.03.2018 | Event News

International Tinnitus Conference of the Tinnitus Research Initiative in Regensburg

13.03.2018 | Event News

Latest News

A new kind of quantum bits in two dimensions

19.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Scientists have a new way to gauge the growth of nanowires

19.03.2018 | Materials Sciences

Virtual reality conference comes to Reutlingen

19.03.2018 | Event News

Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>