Scientists believe that the new technologies of genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics can be used to determine the function of the genes involved in the development of conifers stems and wood or fiber formation (Pinus pinaster Aiton). This way, you can get wood or fiber with the appropriate charactetistics for their commercial use by the industry.
Experts think that the characterisation of genes will allow to design mollecular markers and make biochips for the early selection of the best specimens, using minimum amounts of material. The final aim of this project is to identify the genotypes with a better product quality in natural populations or in those resulting from reforestation. Researchers intend to increase the genes of the pine trees that we know. In addition to this, they will identify the genes/proteins whose expression changes with regard to the development and differentiation of ligneous tissues.
This research will result in knowing more about Mollecular Biology of ligneous plants, very useful for the paper and wood industries. According to the head researcher, Francisco Canovas, this project also entails an improvement in the production and preservation of forests, the maintenance of biodiversity and the fight againts climate change.
These new bio-analytical tools based on functional genomics can be distributed to different final users in order to make a large-scale tree analysis for different applications. Experts say that the technology developed in this project will be applied in functional genomics studies in other species of conifers that can be interesting and useful in Spain.
Ismael Gaona | alfa
Energy crop production on conservation lands may not boost greenhouse gases
13.03.2017 | Penn State
How nature creates forest diversity
07.03.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
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30.03.2017 | Health and Medicine
30.03.2017 | Health and Medicine
30.03.2017 | Medical Engineering