Scientists believe that the new technologies of genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics can be used to determine the function of the genes involved in the development of conifers stems and wood or fiber formation (Pinus pinaster Aiton). This way, you can get wood or fiber with the appropriate charactetistics for their commercial use by the industry.
Experts think that the characterisation of genes will allow to design mollecular markers and make biochips for the early selection of the best specimens, using minimum amounts of material. The final aim of this project is to identify the genotypes with a better product quality in natural populations or in those resulting from reforestation. Researchers intend to increase the genes of the pine trees that we know. In addition to this, they will identify the genes/proteins whose expression changes with regard to the development and differentiation of ligneous tissues.
This research will result in knowing more about Mollecular Biology of ligneous plants, very useful for the paper and wood industries. According to the head researcher, Francisco Canovas, this project also entails an improvement in the production and preservation of forests, the maintenance of biodiversity and the fight againts climate change.
These new bio-analytical tools based on functional genomics can be distributed to different final users in order to make a large-scale tree analysis for different applications. Experts say that the technology developed in this project will be applied in functional genomics studies in other species of conifers that can be interesting and useful in Spain.
Ismael Gaona | alfa
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The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
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The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
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