Scientists in Pakistan used vetch flour, made using treated beans, to create a protein-enriched chapatti with the perfect characteristics for scooping up curry. By supplementing chapatti dough with vetch flour they produced a bread that is tearable and pliable enough to fold into a strong scoop, reports Lisa Richards in Chemistry & Industry. Adding 20% vetch flour also increased protein content by nearly 30% (JSFA , DOI 10.1002/jsfa.2481).
Flour made using the beans could provide a cheap means of improving the physical and nutritional characteristics of many food products for use in the developing world. 60% of the vetch crop is presently used as cattle feed. Because it contains a neurotoxin, beta-N-oxalyl-L-alpa-beta-diaminopropionic acid, which can cause muscle weaknesses, it must be treated before it is used in food.
Salim-Ur-Rehman and colleagues at the Institute of Food Science and Technology, Pakistan investigated the best method for preparing Indian vetch for use in foods. They found that steeping in hot water for several hours was the most effective method for toxin removal. They say the flour could be beneficial in South Asia, where people are poor and chapatti is a stable.
Vetch flour has also been used in the manufacture of ice creams and tofu.
Lisa Richards | alfa
How much drought can a forest take?
20.01.2017 | University of California - Davis
Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product
02.12.2016 | Purdue University
For the first time ever, a cloud of ultra-cold atoms has been successfully created in space on board of a sounding rocket. The MAIUS mission demonstrates that quantum optical sensors can be operated even in harsh environments like space – a prerequi-site for finding answers to the most challenging questions of fundamental physics and an important innovation driver for everyday applications.
According to Albert Einstein's Equivalence Principle, all bodies are accelerated at the same rate by the Earth's gravity, regardless of their properties. This...
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
23.01.2017 | Health and Medicine
23.01.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
23.01.2017 | Process Engineering