The high mechanical strength and corrosion resistant nature of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) superalloys puts them in demand for use in extreme applications such as turbine engines and heat exchangers. Much of their suitability for these applications is derived from their carefully tailored microstructures. Unfortunately some joining methods, like welding, can alter the desirable microstructures and therefore the properties of the superalloy.
Transient Liquid Phase (TLP) diffusion bonding has emerged as a potential joining technique for advanced alloys when fusion welding and other solid state processes are not suitable. The process involves using an interlayer between the surfaces to be bonded. The interlayer contains materials that lower the melting point. At the bonding temperature, which is below the melting temperature of the parent alloy, the interlayer melts and a joint forms by isothermal solidification.
In the present work, R.K. Saka and T.I. Khan of the University of Calgary, used Transient Liquid Phase diffusion bonding to join Inconel MA 758 using nickel based interlayers.
The researchers investigated the effect of interlayer composition, bonding time and the use of post-bond heat treatment on microstructural developments at the joint region. They found that the hold time at the bonding temperature affected the rate of isothermal solidification during the TLP bonding process. They also found that altering the hold time could produce a joint free from deleterious centerline eutectic structures. The formation of intermetallic precipitates adjacent to the joint interface were observed for bonds made using all four interlayers and a proper selection of interlayer composition was shown to reduce precipitation. The use of post-bond heat treatment was also found to help homogenization of the joint microstructure.
Physics, photosynthesis and solar cells
01.12.2016 | University of California - Riverside
New process produces hydrogen at much lower temperature
01.12.2016 | Waseda University
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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