The high mechanical strength and corrosion resistant nature of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) superalloys puts them in demand for use in extreme applications such as turbine engines and heat exchangers. Much of their suitability for these applications is derived from their carefully tailored microstructures. Unfortunately some joining methods, like welding, can alter the desirable microstructures and therefore the properties of the superalloy.
Transient Liquid Phase (TLP) diffusion bonding has emerged as a potential joining technique for advanced alloys when fusion welding and other solid state processes are not suitable. The process involves using an interlayer between the surfaces to be bonded. The interlayer contains materials that lower the melting point. At the bonding temperature, which is below the melting temperature of the parent alloy, the interlayer melts and a joint forms by isothermal solidification.
In the present work, R.K. Saka and T.I. Khan of the University of Calgary, used Transient Liquid Phase diffusion bonding to join Inconel MA 758 using nickel based interlayers.
The researchers investigated the effect of interlayer composition, bonding time and the use of post-bond heat treatment on microstructural developments at the joint region. They found that the hold time at the bonding temperature affected the rate of isothermal solidification during the TLP bonding process. They also found that altering the hold time could produce a joint free from deleterious centerline eutectic structures. The formation of intermetallic precipitates adjacent to the joint interface were observed for bonds made using all four interlayers and a proper selection of interlayer composition was shown to reduce precipitation. The use of post-bond heat treatment was also found to help homogenization of the joint microstructure.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
Researchers from the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, the Italian Space Agency (ASI), and the Instituto Geofisico--Escuela Politecnica Nacional (IGEPN) of Ecuador, showed an increasing volcanic danger on Cotopaxi in Ecuador using a powerful technique known as Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR).
The Andes region in which Cotopaxi volcano is located is known to contain some of the world's most serious volcanic hazard. A mid- to large-size eruption has...
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