cell walls

Scientists reveal quirky feature of Lyme disease bacteria

Scientists have confirmed that the pathogen that causes Lyme Disease—unlike any other known organism—can exist without iron, a metal that all other life needs…

Biomass Analysis Tool Is Faster, More Precise

NREL's new High-Throughput Analytical Pyrolysis tool (HTAP) can thoroughly analyze hundreds of biomass samples a day and give an early look at the genotypes…

Newly discovered plant structure may lead to improved biofuel processing

Tan was examining some of the sugars, proteins and polymers that make up plant cell walls, which provide the structural support and protection that allow…

Study Measures Holes Antibacterials Create in Cell Walls

One potential alternative is PlyC, a potent enzyme that kills the bacteria that causes strep throat and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. PlyC operates by…

Fertile soil doesn't fall from the sky

Remains of dead bacteria have far greater meaning for soils than previously assumed. Around 40 per cent of the microbial biomass is converted to organic soil…

NREL researchers use imaging technologies to solve puzzle of plant architecture

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) combined different…

A Better Route to Xylan

After cellulose, xylan is the most abundant biomass material on Earth, and therefore represents an enormous potential source of stored solar energy for the…

Plants exhibit a wide range of mechanical properties, engineers find

From an engineer’s perspective, plants such as palm trees, bamboo, maples and even potatoes are examples of precise engineering on a microscopic scale. Like…

Magnetizing Diagnostics

Gram staining of bacteria is a routine diagnostic method of long standing that can be used for initial diagnoses and to simplify the choice of antibiotics. It…

Blossom end rot plummets in Purdue-developed transgenic tomato

In the early 1990s, horticulture professor Avtar Handa developed a transgenic tomato with a thicker juice that yields 10 percent more tomato paste than…

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