cell walls

Research team creates new possibilities for medicine and materials sciences

Cellulose produced by plants and bacteria is the most important material of biological origin on the planet. Acting as the main component in plant cell walls,…

Scientists meet in Münster for the world’s largest Chitin und Chitosan Conference

Chitosan is a real all-rounder – a sustainable raw material with very useful properties. For example: the substance obtained from chitin stimulates the immune…

Retracing the Roots of Fungal Symbioses

With apologies to the poet John Donne, and based on recent work from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science…

New hope for fighting major fungal disease in durum wheat

A variety of wheat that is resistant to a destructive fungal disease has been found to have specialized and protective cell walls, according to research…

The nutritionists within

The vitamin supply provided by the symbionts directly influences the gene regulation of their host: If the bacterial associates are absent, the bugs show a…

Plants have little wiggle room to survive drought, UCLA life scientists report

The research will improve predictions of which plant species will survive the increasingly intense droughts associated with global climate change.

The secret math of plants: UCLA biologists uncover rules that govern leaf design

The UCLA team discovered the mathematical relationships using “allometric analysis,” which looks at how the proportions of parts of an organism change with…

Iowa State, Ames Lab chemists help find binding site of protein that allows plant growth

Researchers say the discovery could one day lead to bigger harvests of biomass for renewable energy.Finding that binding target has been a major challenge for…

Researchers untangle genetics of drug resistant TB

For years, physicians around the world have watched as strain after strain of the deadly bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis evolves resistance to drugs. Over…

Combining Strategies Speeds the Work of Enzymes

Enzymes could break down cell walls faster – leading to less expensive biofuels for transportation – if two enzyme systems are brought together in an…

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