Latest News

Breastfeeding does not protect against asthma and allergic diseases

A longitudinal study in this week’s issue of THE LANCET provides compelling evidence that breastfeeding does not protect against asthma and atopy in childhood and early adulthood—authors of the study suggest that breastfeeding may actually increase the risk of these diseases.

Breastfeeding is widely advocated to reduce the risk of atopy and asthma, but the evidence for this effect is conflicting. Malcolm Sears and colleagues from McMaster University, Canada, and the University of Otago, New

New arthritis drugs less likely to cause side effects

A new group of arthritis drugs recommended by NICE for patients at risk of gastrointestinal complications may be safer than traditional drugs, research in this week’s BMJ suggests.

Claims that the drugs, known as selective COX2 inhibitors, caused fewer gastrointestinal problems than traditional arthritis drugs led to an increase in their use, but the research on which they were based was criticised.

Two studies in this week’s BMJ, however, show that the risk of gastrointestinal comp

Imaging apparatus characterizes drops in ’dirty’ laboratory environments

A high-fidelity spectrometric system for studying the behavior of drops and particles in industrial flame reactors has been constructed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in collaboration with researchers at the University of Arizona. The instrument was used to study the potential of thermal combustors for reducing the volume of liquid nuclear wastes for safe, long-term storage.

Vitrification of radioactive waste into glassy solids is the most popular approach f

Heart size and function uncoupled by researchers

Proteins that work in immune system also play fundamental role in heart size and function

Researchers have identified two proteins that play fundamental roles in heart size and function and have genetically uncoupled them, a discovery the scientists hope will lead to better treatments for those with cardiovascular disease.

“We initially had a hint that the protein called PTEN controls cell size,” says Josef Penninger, professor of medical biophysics and immunology at U of T,

New approach to replacing immune cells shrink tumors in patients with melanoma

A new approach to cancer treatment that replaces a patient’s immune system with cancer-fighting cells can lead to tumor shrinkage, researchers report today in the journal Science*. The study demonstrates that immune cells, activated in the laboratory against patients’ tumors and then administered to those patients, can attack cancer cells in the body.

The experimental technique, known as adoptive transfer, has shown promising results in patients with metastatic melanoma who have not respond

Advances in ’micro’ RNA exploring process of life

Researchers at Oregon State University have made an important advance in the understanding of “micro-RNA” molecules, which are tiny bits of genetic material that were literally unknown 10 years ago but now represent one of the most exciting new fields of study in biology.

The findings will be reported Friday in the journal Science.

They reveal for the first time a new mechanism by which micro-RNA can stop the function of messenger-RNA by literally cutting it in half, interfering wit

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Physics and Astronomy

Next step towards the Moon

LZH and TU Berlin partner with Astrobotic. In the MOONRISE project, researchers are working to bring 3D printing to the Moon. The Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has contracted with…

New method of measuring qubits promises ease of scalability in a microscopic package

Aalto University researchers are the first in the world to measure qubits with ultrasensitive thermal detectors—thus evading the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Chasing ever-higher qubit counts in near-term quantum computers constantly…

​CSIRO telescope detects unprecedented behaviour from nearby magnetar

​Researchers using Murriyang, CSIRO’s Parkes radio telescope, have detected unusual radio pulses from a previously dormant star with a powerful magnetic field. ​New results published today in Nature Astronomy describe…

Life Sciences and Chemistry

Basis for new knowledge on gastrointestinal diseases

The meeting point of the stomach and esophagus, the so-called gastro-esophageal junction, is a region of the human body that is not well-suited to the modern lifestyle. Stress, alcohol, nicotine…

Scientists discover first nitrogen-fixing organelle

Modern biology textbooks assert that only bacteria can take nitrogen from the atmosphere and convert it into a form that is usable for life. Plants that fix nitrogen, such as…

A promising target for new RNA therapeutics

Chemists in Dortmund have identified the first inhibitors of the cancer-related RNA-modifier METTL16 and have thus taken a first step towards new therapeutic options. Only recently, a new era in…

Materials Sciences

Nothing is everything

How hidden emptiness can define the usefulness of filtration materials. Voids, or empty spaces, exist within matter at all scales, from the astronomical to the microscopic. In a new study,…

A microbial plastic factory for high-quality green plastic

Engineered bacteria can produce a plastic modifier that makes renewably sourced plastic more processable, more fracture resistant and highly biodegradable even in sea water. The Kobe University development provides a…

Advanced imaging techniques

…on a semiconductor material reveal ‘surprising’ hidden activity. New research suggests that materials commonly overlooked in computer chip design actually play an important role in information processing; a discovery that…

Information Technology

Quantum breakthrough when light makes materials magnetic

The potential of quantum technology is huge but is today largely limited to the extremely cold environments of laboratories. Now, researchers at Stockholm University, at the Nordic Institute for Theoretical…

A novel quantum state in an elemental solid

Princeton University find that a crystal of arsenic hosts a new type of quantum behavior. Physicists have observed a novel quantum effect termed “hybrid topology” in a crystalline material. This finding…

Cutting-edge simulations for Industry 4.0

Harnessing quantum technology for industry. High-quality, defect-free and perfectly dimensioned metal components. Quantum computing power looks set to optimize production processes in the metalworking industry. A team led by Professor…