Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences (also referred to as Geosciences), which deals with basic issues surrounding our planet, plays a vital role in the area of energy and raw materials supply.

Earth Sciences comprises subjects such as geology, geography, geological informatics, paleontology, mineralogy, petrography, crystallography, geophysics, geodesy, glaciology, cartography, photogrammetry, meteorology and seismology, early-warning systems, earthquake research and polar research.

The future of flooding in Venice

Improving projections, predictions and protection in the face of expected sea level rise. A new assessment of flood risk in Venice indicates that the impact of higher emissions on relative…

Global climate crisis of the Triassic period

Fossil site in Lower Austria provides deep insights into Austria’s earth history. Over 6000 unique fossils of the alpine Triassic period have been investigated by NHM Vienna-Palaeontologist Alexander Lukeneder and…

Volcanoes acted as a safety valve for Earth’s long-term climate

Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered that extensive chains of volcanoes have been responsible for both emitting and then removing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) over geological time. This…

Under the northern lights: Mesospheric ozone layer depletion explained

The same phenomenon that causes aurorae — the magical curtains of green light often visible from the polar regions of the Earth — causes mesospheric ozone layer depletion. This depletion…

FSU researchers refine estimate of amount of carbon in Earth’s outer core

New research from Florida State University and Rice University is providing a better estimate of the amount of carbon in the Earth’s outer core, and the work suggests the core…

Thwaites Glacier: Significant Geothermal Heat Beneath the Ice Stream

Researchers map the geothermal heat flow in West Antarctica; a new potential weak spot in the ice sheet’s stability is identified. Ice losses from Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica are…

Slow slips offer insights into earthquakes

Significant earthquakes, from gentle shaking to devastating tremors, are hazards caused by a sudden release of stress that has built up in geological faults. More subtle events called slow slips…

Thawing permafrost releases greenhouse gas from depth

In a study led by the University of Bonn, geologists compared the spatial and temporal distribution of methane concentrations in the air of northern Siberia with geological maps. The result:…

Sea levels influence eruptions on volcanic island

The rise and fall of sea levels influence the likelihood of volcanic eruptions on the Greek island of Santorini, new research led by Oxford Brookes University has discovered. Analysing the…

The pulse of the Dead Sea

Surrounding land reacts to fluctuations in the water level. The Dead Sea is shrinking. There are many reasons for this: climate change is a contributing factor, as is human overuse…

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