Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences (also referred to as Geosciences), which deals with basic issues surrounding our planet, plays a vital role in the area of energy and raw materials supply.

Earth Sciences comprises subjects such as geology, geography, geological informatics, paleontology, mineralogy, petrography, crystallography, geophysics, geodesy, glaciology, cartography, photogrammetry, meteorology and seismology, early-warning systems, earthquake research and polar research.

Quantum phase transition detected on a global scale deep inside the earth

Multidisciplinary team of materials physicists and geophysicists combine theoretical predictions, simulations, and seismic tomography to find spin transition in the Earth’s mantle. The interior of the Earth is a mystery,…

Rocks on floor of Jezero Crater, Mars, show signs of sustained interactions with water

Since the Perseverance rover landed in Jezero crater on Mars in February, the rover and its team of scientists back on Earth have been hard at work exploring the floor…

Leipzig tethered balloon in action on Spitsbergen

Researchers from the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS) and Leipzig University are currently using a tethered balloon to study the air layers near the ground in the Arctic, which…

Bombardment of Planets in the Early Solar System

Studies of the asteroid Vesta provide new findings on the formation of Earth-like planets The largest asteroid in our Solar System – Vesta – was exposed to an extensive series…

Functioning of terrestrial ecosystems is governed by three main factors

Study helps to better assess the capacity of global ecosystems to adapt to climate and environmental change. Ecosystems on Earth’s land surface support multiple functions and services that are critical…

Spring 2020 arctic “ozone hole” likely caused by record-high north pacific sea surface temperatures

Unlike the Antarctic ozone hole that develops annually during austral spring (September, October, and November), Arctic ozone levels usually stay well above the ozone hole threshold. The Arctic stratospheric vortex…

Annual sea ice minimum in the Arctic

Negative trend continues – Comparatively moderate shrinkage of ice extent in 2021. The sea ice extent in the Arctic Ocean reached its annual minimum of 4.81 million square kilometres on…

What lies beneath: Volcanic secrets revealed

Lava samples have revealed a new truth about the geological make-up of the Earth’s crust and could have implications for volcanic eruption early warning systems, a University of Queensland-led study…

Model to predict the angle of repose of sand hills developed

Geophysicists solve a key problem in physics and provide results that can be applied in such diverse areas as planetary research and 3-D printing / publication in ‘PNAS’. The prediction…

Measurement of ice flow from GPS positions logged by short-period seismographs

Seismic instruments generally have a built-in navigation-grade single-mode GPS receiver. During the operation of the station, while recording seismic data, the equipment also records the location of the station at…

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