Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Rosetta mission named Physics World 2014 Breakthrough of the Year

07.01.2015

Mainz scientists participating in both the Rosetta mission and the Borexino experiment

The journal Physics World has named the first landing of a research probe on a comet as its 2014 Breakthrough of the Year. The Physics World editorial team decided to single out the historic achievement of the scientists working on the Rosetta mission for its significance and fundamental importance to space science.


View of the interior of the Borexino detector and surface of the sun

Ill./©: Borexino Collaboration


Philae instrument overview

Ill./©: German Aerospace Center (DLR)

A team headed by Dr. Göstar Klingelhöfer at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany developed the alpha particle x-ray spectrometer on board Philae, the lander of the ESA mission to the comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko.

On November 12, 2014 the lander touched down on the comet after a ten-year journey aboard the Rosetta spacecraft. Physics World is the journal produced for members of the UK-based Institute of Physics (IOP), one of the largest associations of physicists in the world.

Listed among its ten most important 2014 breakthroughs of the year were also the recent discoveries of the Borexino experiment, in which a team of physicists from Mainz University led by Professor Michael Wurm are participating.

Shielded deep within the bowels of the Gran Sasso mountain, the experiment is designed to detect neutrinos, an elusive form of particle created during nuclear fusion in the core of the sun. Although billions of such particles penetrate every square centimeter of the planet Earth every second, they are extremely difficult to capture.

For the first time, Borexino has been able to directly detect neutrinos created during one of the most important nuclear reactions that occur in the sun, the fusion of two hydrogen nuclei.

Further information:

Dr. Göstar Klingelhöfer
Institute of Inorganic Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
D 55099 Mainz, GERMANY
phone +49 6131 39-23282 / 39-26883
fax +49 6131 39-26263
e-mail: klingel@uni-mainz.de
http://www.ak-klingelhoefer.chemie.uni-mainz.de/

Professor Dr. Michael Wurm
Institute of Physics
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
D 55099 Mainz, GERMANY
phone +49 6131 39-23928
fax +49 6131 39-25169
e-mail: michael.wurm@uni-mainz.de
http://www.etap.physik.uni-mainz.de/

Weitere Informationen:

http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2014/dec/12/comet-landing-named-physics... - Physics World 2014 Breakthrough of the Year ;
http://www.uni-mainz.de/presse/17758_ENG_HTML.php - "Alpha particle x-ray spectrometer developed in Mainz transmits first data from comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko" ;
http://www.uni-mainz.de/presse/17555_ENG_HTML.php - "Detection of pp-neutrinos provides first direct measurement of solar power at its production"

Petra Giegerich | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

More articles from Physics and Astronomy:

nachricht A single photon reveals quantum entanglement of 16 million atoms
16.10.2017 | Université de Genève

nachricht On the generation of solar spicules and Alfvenic waves
16.10.2017 | Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC)

All articles from Physics and Astronomy >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Smart sensors for efficient processes

Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).

When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...

Im Focus: Cold molecules on collision course

Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.

How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...

Im Focus: Shrinking the proton again!

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.

It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...

Im Focus: New nanomaterial can extract hydrogen fuel from seawater

Hybrid material converts more sunlight and can weather seawater's harsh conditions

It's possible to produce hydrogen to power fuel cells by extracting the gas from seawater, but the electricity required to do it makes the process costly. UCF...

Im Focus: Small collisions make big impact on Mercury's thin atmosphere

Mercury, our smallest planetary neighbor, has very little to call an atmosphere, but it does have a strange weather pattern: morning micro-meteor showers.

Recent modeling along with previously published results from NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft -- short for Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

World Health Summit 2017: International experts set the course for the future of Global Health

10.10.2017 | Event News

Climate Engineering Conference 2017 Opens in Berlin

10.10.2017 | Event News

Conference Week RRR2017 on Renewable Resources from Wet and Rewetted Peatlands

28.09.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A single photon reveals quantum entanglement of 16 million atoms

16.10.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

The melting ice makes the sea around Greenland less saline

16.10.2017 | Earth Sciences

On the generation of solar spicules and Alfvenic waves

16.10.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>