Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Effective deposition of thin insulating layers for sensors in hydrogen technology

14.09.2018

Scientists at the Fraunhofer FEP have investigated new approaches for depositing low-defect insulating layers, part of the joint project “NaFuSS“ (German Federal Ministry of Education and Research/BMBF promotional reference number 13N13171). The aim is to increase the reliability and durability of pressure sensors for hydrogen technology, an area that is becoming increasingly important.

Electric autmobiles have experienced a real boom in recent years. Due to an increasing change in thinking favoring environmentally friendlier behavior in everyday life, more and more people are buying electric cars or using car-sharing services.


Schematic of a hydrogen filling station as an application scenario for pressure sensors with insulation layers

© metamorworks / Shutterstock


SEM image of a stationary deposition of 5 µm SiO2 on 3 µm silicon structures in cross-section

© Fraunhofer FEP, Picture in printable resolution: www.fep.fraunhofer.de/press

Those also are increasingly committed to fleets of electric cars. But electric cars still have a major shortcoming. Due to their long charging times, they are not a viable alternative yet for drivers who use their vehicles frequently, for people needing a lot of flexibility such as on-call services, for local public transport, and trucks.

However, these cases can be handled another way. Hydrogen-powered vehicles require less than 5 minutes to refuel and are therefore a real alternative to the predominant propulsion systems.

Yet, there are still hurdles here. Hydrogen in combination with oxygen is extremely flammable and thus rapidly poses a danger. Its storage in hydrogen tanks is at pressures of over 700 bar in some cases. Extremely sensitive and accurate sensors are therefore required for precision monitoring.

Hydrogen is extremely volatile due to its atomic structure. It even diffuses through steel. As a result, its storage and transfer require components with high corrosion resistance, temperature stability, high dielectric strength, protection from explosion and a good proton barrier.

In order to be able to implement reliable sensors for hydrogen technology, scientists at the Fraunhofer FEP have now developed a technique using reactive magnetron sputtering for deposition of low-defect insulating layers characterized by minimal proton diffusion and excellent dielectric strength. The technique is based on nanofunctional materials.

It is now possible to deposit a system of insulating layers onto rough steel surfaces that has a dielectric strength of more than 2000 V and resistivity of more than 1x1015 Ωcm, meeting the requirements for explosion prevention in hydrogen technology. At the same time, a very effective proton barrier has been demonstrated that exceeds even layers of gold used previously.

“The insulating layer produced in this way with these properties is unique. A comparable layer has not yet been economically realized in practice. Thanks to the new process, it is now possible to coat sensors at a deposition rate of approx. 2 nm/s and manufacture them on an industrial scale”, explains project manager Jan Hildisch.

The new approach for improving the dielectric strength consists of depositing insulation layers that have a smoothing effect. In this way, rough surfaces as well as structures and trenches up to an aspect ratio of 1:1 can be covered or filled.

The combination of magnetron sputtering and other vacuum deposition techniques, in particular atomic layer deposition (ALD), additionally contributes to this development. Defects in a layer can be completely enveloped in this way as well as improving the dielectric strength.

The results should now provide the basis for further productive collaborations with industrial partners in order to jointly develop sensors for hydrogen technology and economically mass produce them. The scientists are currently working on further improvements to the technology and transferring it to other areas of application. Fraunhofer FEP scientists will be available for further discussions about development during PSE and electronica 2018.


The results were achieved in the BMBF-funded joint project "Nanofunctionalized layer systems for sensors in hydrogen technology" (NaFuSS, promotional reference number 13N13171) as part of the „KMU-innovativ Nanotechnologie“ SME innovation initiative in nanotechnology.
Fraunhofer FEP subproject: “Nanofunctional insulation and barrier layers for hydrogen technology“
Project period: August 1, 2014 - July 31, 2017

Fraunhofer FEP at the 16th International Conference on Plasma Surface Engineering PSE:
September 17-21, 2018
Congress Center, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Industry Exhibit:
Booth No. 23 (Joint booth “Inplas“)

Posters:
Tuesday, September 18, 2018, 10:00 am - 10:00 pm
Session: Physical vapour deposition (PVD)
PO2040: “Application of electron-beam evaporation for high-rate coating of 3D parts“
Jens-Peter Heinß et. al., Fraunhofer FEP, Dresden, Germany

Wednesday, September 19, 2018, 3:15 pm - 4:45 pm
Session 3: Optical, electrical, and magnetic coatings
PO3070: „New approaches for improving isolation strength of magnetron-sputtered dielectric films”, Jan Hildisch et. al., Fraunhofer FEP, Dresden, Germany

Session: HiPIMS

PO3071 “Study of sputter-deposited silicon-dioxide films for temperature compensation of frequency filters”, Robert Rückriem1, Stefanie Rumbke1, Jan Hildisch2, Hagen Bartzsch2
1scia Systems GmbH, Chemnitz, Germany, 2Fraunhofer-Institut FEP, Dresden, Germany

Thursday, September 20, 2018, 3:15 pm - 4:45 pm
Session: Poster - Analytics of film structures and properties
PO4062 “Mechanical characterization of silicon-plasma polymer coatings and the influence of environmental conditions“, Michiel Top, Fraunhofer FEP, Dresden, Germany

Press contact:

Ms. Annett Arnold

Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP
Phone +49 351 2586 333 | presse@fep.fraunhofer.de
Winterbergstraße 28 | 01277 Dresden | Germany | www.fep.fraunhofer.de

Weitere Informationen:

http://s.fhg.de/Tu8

Franziska Lehmann | Fraunhofer-Institut für Organische Elektronik, Elektronenstrahl- und Plasmatechnik FEP

More articles from Power and Electrical Engineering:

nachricht OLED integration in textiles: functional and eye-catching
10.09.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Organische Elektronik, Elektronenstrahl- und Plasmatechnik FEP

nachricht Artificial Intelligence Used to Economically and Energetically Control Heating Systems
04.09.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New devices based on rust could reduce excess heat in computers

Physicists explore long-distance information transmission in antiferromagnetic iron oxide

Scientists have succeeded in observing the first long-distance transfer of information in a magnetic group of materials known as antiferromagnets.

Im Focus: Finding Nemo's genes

An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo's genome

An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo's genome, providing the research community with an invaluable resource to decode the response of fish to...

Im Focus: Graphene enables clock rates in the terahertz range

Graphene is considered a promising candidate for the nanoelectronics of the future. In theory, it should allow clock rates up to a thousand times faster than today’s silicon-based electronics. Scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) and the University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P), have now shown for the first time that graphene can actually convert electronic signals with frequencies in the gigahertz range – which correspond to today’s clock rates – extremely efficiently into signals with several times higher frequency. The researchers present their results in the scientific journal “Nature”.

Graphene – an ultrathin material consisting of a single layer of interlinked carbon atoms – is considered a promising candidate for the nanoelectronics of the...

Im Focus: OLED integration in textiles: functional and eye-catching

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) are mainly known from televisions and smartphone displays. They can be used as lighting objects in car tail lights or lights. The Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP as a partner for customer-specific OLED development and production is now presenting OLED elements that can be integrated into textiles at the Electronics System Integration Technology Conference ESTC 2018 from September 18 - 21, 2018 in Dresden at booth no. 29.

The versatile OLEDs can not only light in color, they can also be designed in any shape and even transparent or dimmable. Applied on wafer-thin foils, they are...

Im Focus: Novel 3D printed polymer lenses for X-ray microscopes: highly efficient and low cost

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart invented a new and cost-effective method for making X-ray lenses with nanometer-sized features and excellent focusing capabilities. By using an advanced 3D printing technique, a single lens can be manufactured under a minute from polymeric materials with extremely favorable X-ray optical properties, hence the costs of prototyping and manufacturing are strongly reduced. High-throughput and high-yield manufacturing processes of such lenses are sought after world-wide, which is why the scientists have filed a patent for their invention.

X-ray microscopes are fascinating imaging tools. They uniquely combine nanometer-size resolution with a large penetration depth: X-ray microscopy or XRM is the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

One of the world’s most prominent strategic forums for global health held in Berlin in October 2018

03.09.2018 | Event News

4th Intelligent Materials - European Symposium on Intelligent Materials

27.08.2018 | Event News

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Viruses under the Microscope

14.09.2018 | Life Sciences

International Vertebrate Genomes Project releases first 15 new genomes

14.09.2018 | Life Sciences

UTA researcher creates hydrogels capable of complex movement

14.09.2018 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>