The microbiota in the intestines fuels tumour growth

Prof. Dirk Haller discovered that it is not cell stress alone that leads to tumour growth, but the cooperation of stress and microbiota - here with Sandra Bierwirth (left) and Olivia Coleman. A. Heddergott/ TUM

“With our study we originally wanted to study the role of bacteria in the intestines in the development of intestinal inflammation,” explains Professor Dirk Haller from the Department of Nutrition and Immunology at the Weihenstephan Science Centre of the TUM.

“However, the surprising result for us was the discovery that bacteria together with stress in cells caused tumours (exclusively in the colon) and without the involvement of inflammation”.

The investigations were initially carried out using the mouse model. In germ-free (i.e. sterile) animals, in which the activated transcription factor ATF6 regulated stress in the intestinal mucosa (intestinal epithelium), no change could be observed.

But as soon as the microbiota, i.e. all the microorganisms in the intestine, were transplanted back into germ-free animals, tumours developed in the colon of the mice. Using Koch's postulates, Haller and his team were able to show that microorganisms are involved in the development of cancer in the colon.

The transcription factor ATF6 regulates stress in cells, and the intensity and duration of activation is increased with diseases. “However, it is not cell stress alone that leads to tumour growth, but the combination of stress and microbiota that favours cancer growth,” says Haller, head of ZIEL – the Institute for Food & Health at TUM.

ATF6 incidence found to be increased in colon cancer patients

Subsequently, in cooperation with the clinic on the right side of the Isar (Prof. Janssen), the data of 541 patients with colon cancer were examined. In those cases where the level of transcription factor ATF6, which triggers cell stress, was significantly increased, the recurrence rate after surgery increased: About ten percent of patients were at risk of getting colon cancer a second time.

“In certain patients, the protein ATF6 could serve as a diagnostic marker for an increased risk of colon cancer and could indicate the start of therapy at an early stage,” said Prof. Haller – “a microbial therapy is conceivable, when we know more about the composition of the bacterial flora. What now became clear, however: Chronic inflammation has no effect on cancer development in the colon.”

More Information:
This work was funded by the DFG Research Fellowship (RTG) 1482, the DFG Focus Program (SPP) 1656 and the DFG Special Research Program (SFB) 1335.

Prof. Dr. Dirk Haller
Technical University Munich
Chair of Nutrition and Immunology
ZIEL – Institute for Food & Health (Director)
Phone.: +49-(0)8161-712026
Mail: dirk.haller@tum.de

Olivia Coleman, Elena Lobner, Sandra Bierwirth, Adam Sorbie, Nadine Waldschmitt, Eva Rath, Emanuel Berger, Ilias Lagkouvardos, Thomas Clavel, Kathleen McCoy, Achim Weber, Mathias Heikenwälder, Klaus-Peter Janssen and Dirk Haller: Activated ATF6 Induces Intestinal Dysbiosis and Innate Immune Response to Promote Colorectal Tumorigenesis, Gastroenterology 9/2018.
DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2018.07.028

https://www.tum.de/nc/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/detail/article/34947/

Media Contact

Dr. Ulrich Marsch Technische Universität München

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: Health and Medicine

This subject area encompasses research and studies in the field of human medicine.

Among the wide-ranging list of topics covered here are anesthesiology, anatomy, surgery, human genetics, hygiene and environmental medicine, internal medicine, neurology, pharmacology, physiology, urology and dental medicine.

Zurück zur Startseite

Kommentare (0)

Schreib Kommentar

Neueste Beiträge

Scientists achieve higher precision weak force measurement between protons, neutrons

Through a one-of-a-kind experiment at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, nuclear physicists have precisely measured the weak interaction between protons and neutrons. The result quantifies the weak…

High-performance single-atom catalysts for high-temperature fuel cells

Individual Pt atoms participate in catalytic reaction to faciitate the electrode process by up to 10 times. Single-atom Pt catalysts are stable at 700 degrees Celsius and expected to stimulate…

New method allows precise gene control by light

A novel optical switch makes it possible to precisely control the lifespan of genetic “copies”. These are used by the cell as building instructions for the production of proteins. The…

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close