Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Underwater laser cutting

22.10.2014

Underwater construction on offshore wind farms, bridges or locks must presently be done by scuba divers.

For maintenance and repair of metal constructions, a number of processes are available, but these are time consuming and difficult on the divers.


Underwater laser cutting is a fast and thus economical alternative to conventional processes.

Photo: LZH

For this reason, engineers at the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) and the Leibniz Universität Hannover (LUH) are developing a process for automated, underwater laser cutting.

At the moment, mainly light arc oxygen cutting is being used for underwater cutting. The electrodes are hand-guided. Depending on the material thickness, divers need a workday to cut 20 meters in material. For a diving period of five hours this means a cutting speed of only 7 centimeter per minute.

Cutting seven times faster

With a laser-based automated process, the cutting speed should be increased by a factor of seven. “During pilot tests, we have already achieved a cutting speed of 0.5 meters per minute for 10 millimeter thick steel” says Dr.-Ing. Jörg Hermsdorf, head of the Machines and Controls Group at the LZH.

“With this process, underwater metal working could be considerably faster and thus less expensive. Our goal is to make the work of the divers safer and more efficient.”

Efficient dismantling of sheet piling

The process is being developed for dismantling sheet pilings in two to six meters deep water. For this, it is crucial that the pilings including the interlocks are reliably cut, as post processing is time-consuming and expensive. Since metal part corrode under water and are subject to overgrowth, the process is supposed to function reliably, even for varying material thicknesses and pollution levels.

The finished process could also be used for the maintenance and repair of offshore structures and other hydraulic structures. Also, dismantling of nuclear power plants is a further field of application.

The project “Laser cutting under water for higher productivity – LuWaPro” is supported by the German Federation of Industrial Research Associations "Otto von Guericke" e.V. (AiF).

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.lzh.de/de/publikationen/pressemitteilungen/2014/laserschneiden-unter-... - website with press realease and additional video

Lena Bennefeld | Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.

More articles from Process Engineering:

nachricht Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world
08.02.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik IWS

nachricht New technology for mass-production of complex molded composite components
23.01.2017 | Evonik Industries AG

All articles from Process Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

Im Focus: Researchers Imitate Molecular Crowding in Cells

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.

Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen

24.03.2017 | Materials Sciences

Astronomers find unexpected, dust-obscured star formation in distant galaxy

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Gravitational wave kicks monster black hole out of galactic core

24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>