A team of scientists hope to trace the origins of gamma-ray bursts with the aid of giant space 'microphones'.
Researchers at Cardiff University are trying to work out the possible sounds scientists might expect to hear when the ultra-sensitive LIGO and Virgo detectors are switched on in 2015.
It's hoped the kilometre-scale microphones will detect gravitational waves created by black holes, and shed light on the origins of the Universe.
Researchers Dr Francesco Pannarale and Dr Frank Ohme, in Cardiff University's School of Physics and Astronomy, are exploring the potential of seeing and hearing events that astronomers know as short gamma-ray bursts.
These highly energetic bursts of hard radiation have been seen by gamma-ray satellites such as Fermi and Swift, but the exact origin of these quickly disappearing flashes of gamma-rays remains unknown.
"By picking up the gravitational waves associated with these events, we will be able to access precious information that was previously hidden, such as whether the collision of a star and a black hole has ignited the burst and roughly how massive these objects were before the impact," explained Dr Ohme, who has focused his research on predicting the exact shape of the gravitational wave signals scientists are expecting to see.
Dr Pannarale added: "A possible scenario that could produce gamma-ray bursts involves a neutron star, the most compact star in the Universe, being ripped apart by a black hole while orbiting it. The remaining matter would be accelerated so much it could cause the energy bursts we are observing today.
"In some cases, by observing both electro-magnetic and gravitational wave signatures of the same event, we will be able to better understand the behaviour of material in the highest density region we know in our Universe, so that we will start to rule out various theoretical models that have been proposed but cannot be tested otherwise."
The results of Pannarale and Ohme have been published in Physical Review Letters: http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.151101
Dr. Frank Ohme | EurekAlert!
SF State astronomer searches for signs of life on Wolf 1061 exoplanet
20.01.2017 | San Francisco State University
Molecule flash mob
19.01.2017 | Technische Universität Wien
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences