Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Transgene Aspen And Cloned Karelian Birch

17.06.2003


Long ago genetic engineering got deep reach into pharmacological and food industry, agriculture and medicine. The trees are no exclusion, but genetic engineers started to deal with them approximately ten years later than with other objects: the trees are too difficult for genetic investigations and manipulations. The wood plant genetic engineering activities are now in full swing in different countries of the world, including Russia. When improving trees through classical selection methods, the researchers first of all focus on the growth rate, wood quality, resistance to vermin and diseases, herbicides, salts and other stresses. Genetic engineering allows to do the same but much quicker. Russian scientists have obtained several accelerated growth wood species.



Specialists of the Siberian Institute of Physiology and Biochemistry of Plants, Northern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (Irkutsk), have applied classical methods and transformed via the corn gene ugt the aspen, poplar and Cembra pine (the latter being traditionally miscalled cedar). This gene codes the synthesis of the enzyme, which ensures the high level of vegetative hormone auxin. Auxin is necessary for the plant growth and development, and the trees with the respective corn gene do develop much quicker. Such plants could be used in the future in dedicated plantations with a short turnus. These plantations could be set up around woodworking enterprises. Such plantations will save primeval taiga woods from felling and would allow to reduce transportation costs for wood delivery to woodworking sites.

The researchers from the Research Institute of Wood Genetics and Selection (Voronezh) applied a different technology of getting trees from the cell culture. They have chosen the most valuable species - Karelian birch. The researchers selected the trees with the most beautiful patterned timber, got the cell culture – calluses - from their stems, and cultivated the birch-trees from the calluses. The long-term field trials have proved that the cloned trees grow well, within 3-4 years their stems become tuberous or ribbed – these are the exterior signs patterned timber. When the tree is 5-8 years old, all the birch-trees without exception are patterned. If the Karelian birch is cultivated from the seeds under a common technology, the signs of patterned timber appera much later – at the age of 10 to12.


The ability to manipulate genes is one of the greatest achievements of the 20th century biology, but it also imposes serious responsibility on the scientists for possible environmental consequences, which should be taken into account along with the growing economic benefits from trangenes. The prospects for utilization of accelerated development plants look promising, but a lot of Russian researchers advise that thorough analysis should be made of possible consequences before new technologies are launched into series. Accelerated growth trees may exhaust the soil quickly, and genetically modified pollen can change the natural structure of forest population. So far neither Russia or other countries have convincing enough responses to these questions.

Sergey Komarov | alfa

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Cancer diagnosis: no more needles?
25.05.2018 | Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

nachricht Less is more? Gene switch for healthy aging found
25.05.2018 | Leibniz-Institut für Alternsforschung - Fritz-Lipmann-Institut e.V. (FLI)

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Powerful IT security for the car of the future – research alliance develops new approaches

The more electronics steer, accelerate and brake cars, the more important it is to protect them against cyber-attacks. That is why 15 partners from industry and academia will work together over the next three years on new approaches to IT security in self-driving cars. The joint project goes by the name Security For Connected, Autonomous Cars (SecForCARs) and has funding of €7.2 million from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Infineon is leading the project.

Vehicles already offer diverse communication interfaces and more and more automated functions, such as distance and lane-keeping assist systems. At the same...

Im Focus: Molecular switch will facilitate the development of pioneering electro-optical devices

A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.

The development of new electronic technologies drives the incessant reduction of functional component sizes. In the context of an international collaborative...

Im Focus: LZH showcases laser material processing of tomorrow at the LASYS 2018

At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.

At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...

Im Focus: Self-illuminating pixels for a new display generation

There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?

At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...

Im Focus: Explanation for puzzling quantum oscillations has been found

So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics

Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

In focus: Climate adapted plants

25.05.2018 | Event News

Save the date: Forum European Neuroscience – 07-11 July 2018 in Berlin, Germany

02.05.2018 | Event News

Invitation to the upcoming "Current Topics in Bioinformatics: Big Data in Genomics and Medicine"

13.04.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

In focus: Climate adapted plants

25.05.2018 | Event News

Flow probes from the 3D printer

25.05.2018 | Machine Engineering

Less is more? Gene switch for healthy aging found

25.05.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>