Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Precise gene transfer into therapy relevant cells after vector injection into blood

10.02.2015

Therapeutic gene transfer is considered as a promising novel strategy to treat genetic disorders and cancer. So far, target cells are often isolated from patients for this purpose, and re-administered after gene transfer. In collaboration with colleagues from the Universities of Cologne and Zurich, researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have succeeded in developing gene transfer vehicles that target the therapy relevant cell type directly in the organism. The resulting gene transfer occurs with an extremely high degree of selectivity. A report on the research results can be found in Nature Communications in its online edition of 10.02.2015.

Vectors derived from adeno-associated viruses (AAV) were used as vehicles for targeted gene transfer by the research group of Professor Christian J. Buchholz, Principal Investigator at the LOEWE Centre for Cell and Gene Therapy at Frankfurt am Main and head of the Section “Molecular Biotechnology and Gene Therapy ” of the President of the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut.


AAV is a non-pathogenic parvovirus. The only gene therapy medicinal product authorised in Europe so far, is also based on AAV gene vectors and intended for the treatment of a rare metabolic disorder.

The strategy for the generation of the new precision gene vectors was developed and implemented jointly with Dr Hildegard Büning, head of the AAV Vector Development Research Group at the ZMMK (Zentrum für Molekulare Medizin Köln, Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne) of the University of Cologne: Through exchange of two amino acids, AAV lost its ability to bind to its natural receptor and became thereby unable to penetrate its broad range of natural target cells.

Novel target structures (DARPins, designed ankyrin repeat proteins) were then attached to the surface of the modified vector particles. These structures were developed at Zurich University. The structures can be selected in such a way that they mediate a selective binding of the DARPin-containing AAV vector particles to the therapy relevant cell type only.

This is what enables the AAV vector to attach to and penetrate the desired target cell. The paper referenced here reports on the use of three different DARPins, which equipped AAV vectors either with a specificity for Her2/neu, a tumour marker in breast cancer, for EpCAM, an epithelial surface protein, or for a marker of particular blood cells (CD4 on the surface of lymphocytes with distinct immunological functions).

In the mouse model, the vector for Her2/neu targeted 80 percent of all metastatic sites after only a single injection. If the vector was armed with a cytotoxic gene, the survival rate of the mice was substantially prolonged compared to mice receiving an authorised anti-tumour product. Using the EpCAM-targeted vector, tumour cells could be detected with impressive sensitivity in human blood (few hundred tumour cells in several millilitres of blood).

The desired goal of a cell type specific in vivo gene transfer was also achieved with the blood cell targeted vector: AAV transferred the gene only into lymphocytes present in spleen carrying the CD4 protein target structure.

“The method developed by us jointly is a very promising tool both in fundamental research and for the targeted gene transfer in medicine“, explained Dr Buchholz with regard to the current research results.

Original Publication

Münch RC, Muth A, Muik A, Friedel T, Schmatz J, Dreier B, Trkola A, Plückthun A, Büning H, Buchholz CJ (2015): Off-target-free gene delivery by affinity-purified receptor-targeted viral vectors. Nat Commun Feb 10 [Epub ahead of print].
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2015/150210/ncomms7246/full/ncomms7246.html

The Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Federal Institute for Vaccines and Biomedicines in Langen near Frankfurt/Main, is a senior federal authority reporting to the Federal Ministry of Health (Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, BMG). It is responsible for the research, assessment, and marketing authorisation of biomedicines for human use and veterinary vaccines. Its remit also includes the authorisation of clinical trials and pharmacovigilance, i.e. recording and evaluation of potential adverse effects. Other duties of the institute include official batch control, scientific advice and inspections. In-house experimental research in the field of biomedicines and life science form an indispensable basis for the varied and many tasks performed at the institute. The PEI, with its roughly 800 staff, also has advisory functions at a national level (federal government, federal states (Länder)), and at an international level (World Health Organisation, European Medicines Agency, European Commission, Council of Europe etc.).

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.pei.de

Dr. Susanne Stöcker | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Researchers identify potentially druggable mutant p53 proteins that promote cancer growth
09.12.2016 | Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

nachricht Plant-based substance boosts eyelash growth
09.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Polymerforschung IAP

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Electron highway inside crystal

Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.

Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...

Im Focus: Significantly more productivity in USP lasers

In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.

Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

Researchers identify potentially druggable mutant p53 proteins that promote cancer growth

09.12.2016 | Life Sciences

Scientists produce a new roadmap for guiding development & conservation in the Amazon

09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation

Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution

09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>