Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

How NORE1A Acts as a Barrier to Tumor Growth

17.03.2015

Researchers reveal how cells protect themselves from a protein that is a key driver of cancer. The study appears in The Journal of Cell Biology.

Mutations that activate a protein called Ras drive excessive cell proliferation associated with cancer, but their ability to promote tumor growth is limited by the fact that they also induce cells to exit the cell cycle and become dormant, or senescent.


Clark Lab

Activated Ras induces cell senescence (blue) in the presence (left), but not the absence (right), of NORE1A.

How active Ras mutants induce senescence, and how this pathway is disrupted in cancer cells is still unclear.

Geoffrey Clark and colleagues from the University of Louisville examined the role of the tumor suppressor NORE1A, a protein that binds to active Ras. Overexpressing NORE1A induced cell senescence, whereas removing the protein prevented senescence and enhanced the transformation of cells with cancer-promoting Ras mutations.

The researchers found that Ras enhanced NORE1A’s association with a kinase called HIPK2, and that this interaction was required for cell senescence.

NORE1A promoted HIPK2’s association with p53, a tumor suppressor that plays a major role in restricting cancer development. HIPK2 is known to modify p53 in ways that cause either apoptosis, a kind of cell suicide, or senescence. Clark and colleagues found that NORE1A enhanced the senescence pathway.

The findings delineate how NORE1A allows Ras to modulate p53 function and induce cell senescence, and the loss of NORE1A may be a critical step in the growth of tumors.

Donninger, H., et al. 2015. J. Cell Biol. doi:10.1083/jcb.201408087

About The Journal of Cell Biology
The Journal of Cell Biology (JCB) is published by The Rockefeller University Press. All editorial decisions on manuscripts submitted are made by active scientists in conjunction with our in-house scientific editors. JCB content is posted to PubMed Central, where it is available to the public for free six months after publication. Authors retain copyright of their published works, and third parties may reuse the content for non-commercial purposes under a creative commons license.

For more information, please visit www.jcb.org

Research reported in the press release was supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Contact Information
Rita Sullivan King
Communications Manager
news@rupress.org
Phone: 212-327-8603

Rita Sullivan King | newswise

Further reports about: Biology Cell HIPK2 Ras Rockefeller Tumor cell senescence growth of tumors p53 pathway senescence suppressor tumor suppressor

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht The birth of a new protein
20.10.2017 | University of Arizona

nachricht Building New Moss Factories
20.10.2017 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Neutron star merger directly observed for the first time

University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event

On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...

Im Focus: Breaking: the first light from two neutron stars merging

Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.

Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....

Im Focus: Smart sensors for efficient processes

Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).

When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...

Im Focus: Cold molecules on collision course

Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.

How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...

Im Focus: Shrinking the proton again!

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.

It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ASEAN Member States discuss the future role of renewable energy

17.10.2017 | Event News

World Health Summit 2017: International experts set the course for the future of Global Health

10.10.2017 | Event News

Climate Engineering Conference 2017 Opens in Berlin

10.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Terahertz spectroscopy goes nano

20.10.2017 | Information Technology

Strange but true: Turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer

20.10.2017 | Materials Sciences

NRL clarifies valley polarization for electronic and optoelectronic technologies

20.10.2017 | Interdisciplinary Research

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>