Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Genetics of Wood Formation

20.04.2015

Researchers identify genetic regulatory networks that influence poplar wood formation, a key bioenergy plant.

The Science


Image courtesy of the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center via a Creative Commons License

To better understand the complex processes involved in wood formation, researchers have developed a new method to study genetic regulatory mechanisms in poplar, a potential bioenergy feedstock (shown here).

To begin to understand the complex genetic interactions that control poplar growth, a potential bioenergy crop, researchers developed a robust high-throughput pipeline for studying the hierarchy of genetic regulation of wood formation using tissue-specific single cells known as protoplasts.

The Impact

This approach will be particularly useful in studying complex processes in plant species that lack mutants and stable transformation systems. It also can be used to improve forest tree productivity with more precise genetic approaches.

Summary

Wood is an important renewable material for bioenergy and other industrial products, but its formation, a complex process regulated at many levels, is poorly understood. Such processes often involve interactions between regulatory genes known as transcription factors (TFs) and their direct DNA targets. These TF-DNA interactions constitute a regulatory hierarchy.

The new method for isolating protoplasts from the wood-forming stem differentiating xylem tissues of poplar was developed by researchers at North Carolina State University with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy Genomic Science program. The team used the method to study the expression of a specific poplar TF affecting wood formation.

By integrating this novel system with computational approaches, a hierarchical layer of genes was inferred that was functionally validated in the wood-forming stem differentiating xylem. The new approach aids understanding hierarchical gene regulatory networks directed by TFs in poplar and other plant species where mutants are not available.

Funding

This work was supported by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science under grant DE-SC000691. Authors also acknowledge support of the North Carolina State University Jordan Family Distinguished Professor Endowment.

Publication

Y.C. Lin, W. Li, Y.H. Sun, S. Kumari, H. Wei, Q. Li, S. Tunlaya-Anukit, R.R. Sederoff, V.L. Chiang, “SND1 transcription factor–directed quantitative functional hierarchical genetic regulatory network in wood formation in Populus trichocarpa.” Plant Cell 25, 4324-4341 (2013). [DOI: 10.1105/tpc.113.117697]

Kristin Manke | newswise

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht At last, butterflies get a bigger, better evolutionary tree
16.02.2018 | Florida Museum of Natural History

nachricht New treatment strategies for chronic kidney disease from the animal kingdom
16.02.2018 | Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices

Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters

Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...

Im Focus: Autonomous 3D scanner supports individual manufacturing processes

Let’s say the armrest is broken in your vintage car. As things stand, you would need a lot of luck and persistence to find the right spare part. But in the world of Industrie 4.0 and production with batch sizes of one, you can simply scan the armrest and print it out. This is made possible by the first ever 3D scanner capable of working autonomously and in real time. The autonomous scanning system will be on display at the Hannover Messe Preview on February 6 and at the Hannover Messe proper from April 23 to 27, 2018 (Hall 6, Booth A30).

Part of the charm of vintage cars is that they stopped making them long ago, so it is special when you do see one out on the roads. If something breaks or...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Fingerprints of quantum entanglement

16.02.2018 | Information Technology

'Living bandages': NUST MISIS scientists develop biocompatible anti-burn nanofibers

16.02.2018 | Health and Medicine

Hubble sees Neptune's mysterious shrinking storm

16.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>