Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Tübingen utilize the Artificial Intelligence of a software to create a high definition version of a low resolution image. While the pixel-perfectness is being sacrificed, the reward is a better result.
Paper presented at ICCV 2017, Venice:
Everyone knows this problem: a friend sends a low-resolution image of last weekend´s hike to your smartphone, but when you save the picture of the beautiful bird and later add it to a digital photo album, the image shows checkerboard artifacts.
The resolution is just too low. In times of need software is utilized that promises to upsample small sized images, but with poor results: Those holiday pictures look blurry and lack high definition.
Technology to create a large size from a low-resolution image is known as the single image super-resolution or SISR technology. SISR has been studied for decades, but with limited results. The software adds extra pixels and fills them with the average “look” of all the surrounding pixels.
The result is blurriness. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Intelligent Systems propose a new approach to give images a realistic texture when magnified from small to large – through the help of Machine Learning. Artificial Intelligence is at play, where the algorithm for upsampling the image learns from experience in sharpening its look.
The learning process is much like that of a human: practice makes the master. “The algorithm is given the task of upsampling millions of low resolution images to a high resolution version and is then shown the original, the “this-is-how-it-should-be”-image.
Notice the difference? OK, then learn from your mistake”, explains Mehdi M.S. Sajjadi, who together with Dr. Michael Hirsch and Prof. Dr. Bernhard Schölkopf, Director of the Empirical Inference Department at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Tübingen, developed the EnhanceNet-PAT technology. Once EnhanceNet-PAT is trained, it no longer needs original photos.
When EnhanceNet-PAT is put to work, according to the researchers, the technology is more efficient than any other SISR technology currently on the market. The difference lies in the pretense of wanting to be pixel-perfect. In contrast to existing algorithms, EnhanceNet-PAT gives up on pixel-perfect reconstruction, but rather aims for faithful texture synthesis.
By being capable of detecting and generating patterns in a low resolution image and of applying these patterns in the upsampling process, EnhanceNet-PAT thinks how the bird´s feathers should look like and adds extra pixels to the low-resolution image accordingly. You could say the technology created its own reality. For most viewers, the result is very much like the original photo. The picture of the bird is good to adorn the photo album.
Claudia Däfler | Max-Planck-Institut für Intelligente Systeme
Green Light for Galaxy Europe
15.03.2018 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
Tokyo Tech's six-legged robots get closer to nature
12.03.2018 | Tokyo Institute of Technology
Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...
On 15 March, the AWI research aeroplane Polar 5 will depart for Greenland. Concentrating on the furthest northeast region of the island, an international team...
The world’s second-largest ice shelf was the destination for a Polarstern expedition that ended in Punta Arenas, Chile on 14th March 2018. Oceanographers from...
At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25–29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions.
When the EU restricted the use of hexavalent chromium compounds to special applications requiring authorization, the move prompted a rethink in the surface...
At the ILA Berlin, hall 4, booth 202, Fraunhofer FHR will present two radar sensors for navigation support of drones. The sensors are valuable components in the implementation of autonomous flying drones: they function as obstacle detectors to prevent collisions. Radar sensors also operate reliably in restricted visibility, e.g. in foggy or dusty conditions. Due to their ability to measure distances with high precision, the radar sensors can also be used as altimeters when other sources of information such as barometers or GPS are not available or cannot operate optimally.
Drones play an increasingly important role in the area of logistics and services. Well-known logistic companies place great hope in these compact, aerial...
16.03.2018 | Event News
13.03.2018 | Event News
08.03.2018 | Event News
19.03.2018 | Trade Fair News
19.03.2018 | Life Sciences
19.03.2018 | Life Sciences