Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Grid-Supportive Buildings Give Boost to Renewable Energy Integration

12.04.2016

Fraunhofer ISE Presents New Research Results at the Berlin ENERGY DAYS

The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE presents its newest results on grid-supportive buildings and urban quarters at the Berlin ENERGY DAYS on April 12, 2016. Prof. Dr. Hans-Martin Henning, deputy director of Fraunhofer ISE, will give a talk demonstrating how building mass and technical storage help to smooth out the fluctuations from renewable energy. This presentation is part of a workshop, organized by Fraunhofer ISE, Fraunhofer IBP and RWTH Aachen.


This laboratory building at Fraunhofer ISE is equipped with cold water storage and serves as a demonstrator for grid-supportive operation.

©Fraunhofer ISE

More information about the workshop can be found under the following link: http://www.energietage.de/details/va/2016-504.html

The number of renewable energy installations continues to expand worldwide. In Germany the installed power of wind and photovoltaics increased from 54 GW in 2011 up to 83 GW in 2014/15, a value equivalent to the peak load in the German electricity grid.

With an increasing share of renewables in the energy supply, times occur when there is a surplus of renewable electricity, but also when peak load power plants, fired by fossil fuels with high emissions, are needed to produce electricity. Since electricity is difficult to store, the best case is to maintain the balance between electricity production and consumption. There are several options for flexibility such as demand-side operation of conventional power plants and CHP systems; load management where consumers in households, businesses and industry are temporarily shut-down; short term storage; and, as a measure in the medium to long term, the production of synthetic chemical energy carriers (Power-to-Gas/Power-to-Liquid) using surplus renewable electricity.

When the total building performance conforms to the targeted load management goals, the building is called “grid-supportive.” “We are researching three basic approaches to increase the grid-supporting capacity of buildings,” says Dr. Doreen Kalz, group head of Building Analysis and Energy Concepts at Fraunhofer ISE. “Firstly, one can switch between different heating and cooling supplies, e. g. between an electric heat pump and a gas-fired condensing boiler.

The second approach uses energy storage technologies such as battery storage or thermal heat storage. At times of surplus electricity, for example, an electric heat pump can be used to produce heat which is sent to a buffer storage tank. In the third approach, the surplus heat or cold is stored in the thermal mass of the building itself, whereby the massive building components are thermally activated by so-called “Thermally Active Building Component Systems,” or TABS.

In order to compare the grid-supporting properties of different buildings, the researchers developed two parameters: an absolute and a relative Grid Support Coefficient (GSCabs and GSCrel). The GSCabs weighs the electricity consumption with a grid-based reference parameter, i. e. an electricity price signal. The GSCrel translates this amount to a scale of -100 (worst case) to +100 (best case) which indicates the present potential for optimization.

An evaluation of 52 existing plants showed that the majority of systems today operate with either a negative or neutral impact on the grid. For two systems that were analyzed in more detail, the grid-support factor could be increased to a value of +70 by implementing a new control strategy that considers the electricity price on the EEX electricity market.

In the workshop taking place at the Berlin ENERGY DAYS, the results from four years of research in the “Netzreaktive Gebäude” project (Grid-supportive buildings) will be presented. The project was supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). Project partners are the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics IBP in Kassel and the E.ON Energy Research Center of RWTH Aachen.

The researchers conclude: To achieve grid-supportive operation, it is important to initially define one’s individual goal: for example, high revenues from electricity sales, provision of standby energy, ease the burden of the distribution grid or increase the percentage of renewables in the fulfillment of demand.

Grid-support does not stop at buildings: Urban quarters, city districts and regions can also be of service to the grid. Ultimately grid-support is a Europe-wide issue that is being addressed by the International Energy Agency IEA in the Working Group Annex 67. At Fraunhofer ISE, the work on this topic is being continued in the new “FlexControl” project, also sponsored by the federal ministry BMWi. The new project makes a contribution towards ensuring that a stable electricity grid and the continual growth of renewable energy capacity go hand in hand.

Background Material:

The study “What Will the Energy Transformation Cost? Pathways for Transforming the German Energy System by 2050”: https://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en/publications/studies/what-will-the-energy-trans...

Project “Netzreaktive Gebäude” (Grid-supportive buildings): http://www.netzreaktivegebaeude.de/ (only in German)

ANNEX67: Energy Flexible Buildings: http://www.iea-ebc.org/projects/ongoing-projects/ebc-annex-67/

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en
http://www.ibp.fraunhofer.de/en.html
https://www.eonerc.rwth-aachen.de/cms/~dmud/E-ON-ERC/?lidx=1

Karin Schneider | Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE

More articles from Event News:

nachricht Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists
15.11.2017 | Gesellschaft für Ökologie e.V.

nachricht Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel
15.11.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Betriebsfestigkeit und Systemzuverlässigkeit LBF

All articles from Event News >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Nanoparticles help with malaria diagnosis – new rapid test in development

The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.

Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

Im Focus: Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer

The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.

Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Previous evidence of water on mars now identified as grainflows

21.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope completes final cryogenic testing

21.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

New catalyst controls activation of a carbon-hydrogen bond

21.11.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>