Until now, plastics such as PVC have created problems during waste treatment. Although they have a high calorific value, their combustion produces harmful compounds that can escape into the environment. The BINE-Projektinfo brochure "Generating syngas from plastic wastes" (05/2016) presents a new gasification process for this waste fraction. In this process, waste plastics, carbon-containing sorting residues and rubber parts as well as shredded materials from the automotive sector are treated in a shaft kiln. Here lime plays a decisive role.
New method utilises carbon-containing sorting residues and waste
With this method, the residual materials are mixed with coarse-ground lime and, using the counter flow principle, converted thermally and chemically in several stages, including gasification and pyrolysis.
The lime is used as a carrier medium for the plastics, as a catalyst for the process and as a binder for pollutants. No flue gas emissions are produced during the conversion.
The method is also suitable for problematic waste such as chlorine-containing plastics, contaminated soils and plastic-containing electrical scrap. Lime binds not only halogens and other harmful substances but also valuable materials contained in waste materials such as metals from electrical scrap.
These can later be separated and recycled. The new procedure is designed to supplement existing waste treatment systems.
The process produces a purified synthesis gas that can be utilised materially for producing basic chemical products or in engines. The first large-scale plant can recycle up to 50,000 tonnes of waste plastic per year. Ecoloop GmbH in Bad Harzburg, Germany, has developed the Ecoloop method in collaboration with other partners.
You found all informations about the BINE Projektinfo brochure entitled "Generating syngas from plastic wastes" (05/2016) here:
Uwe Milles/Birgit Schneider
About BINE Information Service
Energy research for practical applications
The BINE Information Service reports on energy research topics, such as new materials, systems and components, as well as innovative concepts and methods. The knowledge gained is incorporated into the implementation of new technologies in practice, because first-rate information provides a basis for pioneering decisions, whether in the planning of energy-optimised buildings, increasing the efficiency of industrial processes, or integrating renewable energy sources into existing systems.
About FIZ Karlsruhe
FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure is a not-for-profit organization with the public mission to make sci-tech information from all over the world publicly available and to provide related services in order to support the national and international transfer of knowledge and the promotion of innovation.
Our business areas:
• STN International – the world’s leading online service for research and patent information in science and technology
• KnowEsis – innovative eScience solutions to support the process of research in all its stages, and throughout all scientific disciplines
• Databases and Information Services – Databases and science portals in mathematics, computer science, crystallography, chemistry, and energy technology
FIZ Karlsruhe is a member of the Leibniz Association (WGL) which consists of 87 German research and infrastructure institutions.
http://www.bine.info/en - BINE Informationsdienst
Rüdiger Mack | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft
Solid progress in carbon capture
27.10.2016 | King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)
Greater Range and Longer Lifetime
26.10.2016 | Technologie Lizenz-Büro (TLB) der Baden-Württembergischen Hochschulen GmbH
Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.
This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...
Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion
Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
27.10.2016 | Life Sciences
27.10.2016 | Life Sciences
27.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering