Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


NASA's ISS-RapidScat looks at the winds in US east coast's 'wind chill'


The strong cold front that ushered in frigid Arctic air to two-thirds of the eastern U.S. brought in strong winds and bitter wind chills. NASA's ISS-RapidScat instrument measured those winds off the coastal Atlantic.

Residents along the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic coast of the U.S. started experiencing bitter wind chills on January 7, 2015 as ISS-RapidScat measured coastal winds from its perch aboard the International Space Station or ISS. Those wind chills continued on January 8.

NASA's RapidScat saw sustained sustained winds between 15 mps/33.5 mph/54 kph (yellow) to 20 meters per second/44.7 mph/72 kph (red). When outside air temperatures are near 15F (-9.4C), a 15 mph (24.1 kph) wind will make the wind chill 0F (-18C).

Credit: NASA/JPL, Doug Tyler

The ISS-RapidScat instrument flies aboard the International Space Station and measures Earth's ocean surface wind speed and direction. ISS-RapidScat images are created by Analyst Doug Tyler at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. NASA JPL manages ISS-RapidScat.

Between 17:14 UTC (12:14 p.m. EST) and 18:47 UTC (1:47 p.m. EST) on January 7, ISS-RapidScat measured high wind speeds over the Atlantic Ocean just off-shore from the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic states. The winds were sustained between 15 meters per second/33.5 mph/54 kph to 20 meters per second/44.7 mph/72 kph. When outside air temperatures are near 15F (-9.4C), a 15 mph (24.1 kph) wind will make the wind chill 0F (-18C).

On Thursday, January 8, 2015, NOAA's National Weather Service Weather Prediction Center in College Park, Maryland noted that air temperatures will be 20 to 25 degrees below average from the Tennessee Valley to the Mid-Atlantic. Wind chill values will be near zero in Portland, Maine, Boston, Massachusetts, and New York City during the day and night of January 8. As far south as Norfolk, Virginia, wind chills will be in the teens during the day and at night.

The National Weather Service defines wind chill as the term used to describe the rate of heat loss on the body (humans and animals) resulting from the combined effect of low temperature and wind. As winds increase, heat is carried away from the body at a faster rate, driving down both the skin temperature and eventually the internal body temperature. For the NWS wind chill chart, visit: For information on frostbite, visit:

ISS-RapidScat is a partnership between JPL and the International Space Station Program Office at NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, with support from the Earth Science Division of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Other ongoing mission partners include NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama; and the European Space Agency.

For more information about ISS-RapidScat, visit: or

For more information about NASA's Earth science activities in 2015, visit:

Rob Gutro | EurekAlert!

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht Oasis of life in the ice-covered central Arctic
24.10.2016 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung

nachricht Receding glaciers in Bolivia leave communities at risk
20.10.2016 | European Geosciences Union

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Oasis of life in the ice-covered central Arctic

24.10.2016 | Earth Sciences

‘Farming’ bacteria to boost growth in the oceans

24.10.2016 | Life Sciences

Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

24.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

More VideoLinks >>>