A series of NASA infrared images of Hurricane Joaquin from October 1 to 6 show the development and movement of the storm, and its moisture stream into South Carolina.
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder or AIRS instrument flies aboard NASA's Aqua satellite, which circles the Earth twice a day. AIRS gathers temperature data using infrared light, and took many images of Hurricane Joaquin from October 1 through October 6.
NASA put together a timeline of the infrared imagery showing the movement of Hurricane Joaquin and the plume of moisture connected to the Category Four storm that streamed over South Carolina.
The AIRS imagery showed Joaquin over the Bahamas on October 1 and then as it moved north, connected with another weather system that brought intense rainfall and both inland and coastal flooding to South Carolina.
That moisture plume is visible on the AIRS imagery from October 2 through October 4 where thunderstorms with very high, cold cloud tops made a line from the Bahamas to the U.S. mainland. Cloud top temperatures in the line of storms were as cold as or colder than -63 Fahrenheit/-53 Celsius. NASA research has shown that cloud tops that cold can produce heavy rain.
Cloud top temperatures around the eye of Hurricane Joaquin were even colder. Some cloud tops were in excess of -81F/-63C/210K.
Looking at Joaquin's Winds
As AIRS looked at cloud top temperatures another NASA instrument looked at surface wind speed in Joaquin. On October 7 at 12:00 a.m. EDT, the RapidScat instrument that flies aboard the International Space Station saw the sustained winds in Hurricane Joaquin. Strongest winds measured 40.5 meters per second (90.6 mph/145.8 kph) in all quadrants of the storm except the northeastern quadrant where winds were less intense. RapidScat measures wind speed at the surface which is always lower than speeds at higher altitude.
Where is Joaquin Now?
At 11 a.m. EDT (1500 UTC) on October 7, 2015 the center of Tropical Storm Joaquin was located near latitude 41.0 North and longitude 45.6 West. That's about 540 miles (870 km) southeast of Cape Race Newfoundland, Canada. Joaquin was moving toward the east-northeast near 35 mph (56 km/h) and the National Hurricane Center expects that motion to continue for the next day or two with some decrease in forward speed forecast on Friday.
Maximum sustained winds have decreased to near 70 mph (110 kph) and some weakening is forecast during the next 48 hours. Joaquin is forecast to become a large extratropical cyclone by Thursday.
Rob Gutro | EurekAlert!
Receding glaciers in Bolivia leave communities at risk
20.10.2016 | European Geosciences Union
UM researchers study vast carbon residue of ocean life
19.10.2016 | University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.
In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...
'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.
Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
24.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering
24.10.2016 | Life Sciences
24.10.2016 | Life Sciences