The European Research Council (ERC) is supporting three scientists in their research projects at the Helmholtz Zentrum München (HMGU) with a total sum just under six million Euros. Prof. Dr. Daniel Razansky, head of the "Multiscale Functional and Molecular Imaging Group" at the Institute of Biological and Medical Imaging, PD Dr. med. Irmela Jeremias, head of the "Apoptosis" group in the Gene Vectors Research Unit and Prof. Dr. Mathias Heikenwälder, head of the "Inflammation induced tissue damage" junior group at the Institute of Virology have each received just under two million euros for their research projects.
The HMGU has been awarded 14 ERC grants up to this year, placing it at the top of the Helmholtz Association in terms of the number of grants. The HMGU’s particularly remarkable triple award of the ERC Consolidator Grants underscores the Center's scientific excellence. This type of grant is intended to support young scientists on the way to consolidate their independent research and also to counteract the “brain drain”, where talent disappears abroad.
For example, Razansky is examining a new, non-invasive method to visualize fast spatio-temporal activity patterns of large neural cell populations in whole living brain. "Observations of this type are currently not possible. If our work is successful, vast progress in our understanding of brain’s function and development of new treatments for neurological and psychiatric disorders is expected," says Razansky.
Jeremias is examining, how tumours of individual patients are treated in a targeted fashion. "The challenge is to understand which genetic anomalies are crucial for individual tumours," explains Jeremias. "If we align the treatment against an essential lesion, we make tumours shrink." Using acute leukaemia as model illness and tumour cells from Munich patients, she develops precise, personalized treatments.
Heikenwälder received the award for research into the cellular and metabolic activation of the immune response in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver and liver tumours in humans. "With the steady rise in the population’s obesity, we are seeing increased occurrence of non-alcoholic fatty liver and the metabolic syndrome associated with it, as well as diabetes and liver cancer," Heikenwälder explains.
“The origin of the illness is not precisely known, however, and consequently there is currently no efficient treatment to reduce the fatty liver and liver cancer development." Heikenwälder is tracking down an interaction between immune system cytotoxic T-cells and liver cells that lead to the liver disorder. In his project he is investigating molecular mechanisms that lead to fatty liver disease and liver tumours. A better understanding of these processes is opening up new approaches to further treatments.
The ERC (European Research Council) supports the highest quality research in Europe with competition-based financing. Its objective is to establish and solidify European research as cutting-edge research. https://erc.europa.eu/
As German Research Center for Environmental Health, Helmholtz Zentrum München pursues the goal of developing personalized medical approaches for the prevention and therapy of major common diseases such as diabetes mellitus and lung diseases. To achieve this, it investigates the interaction of genetics, environmental factors and lifestyle. The Helmholtz Zentrum München has about 2,300 staff members and is headquartered in Neuherberg in the north of Munich. Helmholtz Zentrum München is a member of the Helmholtz Association, a community of 18 scientific-technical and medical-biological research centers with a total of about 37,000 staff members. http://www.helmholtz-muenchen.de/en/index.html
TheInstitute for für Biological and Medical Imaging (IBMI) conducts research into in vivo imaging technologies for the biosciences. It develops systems, theories and methods of imaging and image reconstruction as well as animal models to test new technologies at the biological, preclinical and clinical level. The aim is to provide innovative tools for biomedical laboratories, for diagnosis and for the therapeutic monitoring of human diseases.
Link to portait and video von Prof. Daniel Razansky http://www.helmholtz-muenchen.de/en/research/research-excellence/portraits-of-re...
TheInstitute of Virology (VIRO) German Research Center for Environmental Health, Helmholtz Zentrum München investigates viruses that chronically infect humans and can cause life-threatening diseases. The research activities of the institute focus mainly on the HI virus which causes AIDS, on endogenous retroviruses, which are integrated into our germline, and hepatitis B and C viruses, which cause liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Molecular studies identify new diagnostic and therapeutic concepts to prevent and treat these viral diseases or to prevent the formation of virus-induced tumors.
Link to portrait and video of Prof. Dr. Mathias Heikenwälder http://www.helmholtz-muenchen.de/en/research/research-excellence/portraits-of-re...
Susanne Eichacker | Helmholtz Zentrum München - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt
Eduard Arzt receives highest award from German Materials Society
21.09.2017 | INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH
Six German-Russian Research Groups Receive Three Years of Funding
12.09.2017 | Hermann von Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren
Controlling electronic current is essential to modern electronics, as data and signals are transferred by streams of electrons which are controlled at high speed. Demands on transmission speeds are also increasing as technology develops. Scientists from the Chair of Laser Physics and the Chair of Applied Physics at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have succeeded in switching on a current with a desired direction in graphene using a single laser pulse within a femtosecond ¬¬ – a femtosecond corresponds to the millionth part of a billionth of a second. This is more than a thousand times faster compared to the most efficient transistors today.
Graphene is up to the job
At the productronica trade fair in Munich this November, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be presenting Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, LaserTAB for short. The experts from Aachen will be demonstrating how new battery cells and power electronics can be micro-welded more efficiently and precisely than ever before thanks to new optics and robot support.
Fraunhofer ILT from Aachen relies on a clever combination of robotics and a laser scanner with new optics as well as process monitoring, which it has developed...
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
19.09.2017 | Event News
12.09.2017 | Event News
06.09.2017 | Event News
26.09.2017 | Life Sciences
26.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
26.09.2017 | Information Technology