An international research team has found a surprising three-dimensional arrangement of electrons in the Y-based high-temperature superconductor.
The team - comprising researchers from Japan's Tohoku University, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University in USA and University of British Colombia in Canada - made the discovery while successfully combining powerful magnetic field pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet.
Fig. 1 The blend of intense magnetic and X-ray laser pulses uncover the mystery of high temperature superconductor.
Copyright : Tohoku University
The localization of electrons forming the special regular patterns called a charge density wave (CDW) had previously been known as a mysterious phenomenon of high temperature superconductivities. That is because the direct observation of CDW in very high magnetic fields had been considered an "impossible mission" due to the absence of high magnetic field device compatible with X-ray free electron laser.
But the IMR group has now developed an inch-size miniature pulsed magnet that can generate an extremely strong magnetic field of 30 Tesla and installed it into the beam line of a Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC.
The results resolve discrepancies found in previous experiments, and offer a new picture of the behaviors of electrons in these exotic materials under extreme conditions. The researchers hope this will aid the design and development of new superconductors that work at higher temperatures.
This study was supported by IMR through the ICC-IMR Research Project and by the Interdepartmental Doctoral Degree Program for Multi-dimensional Materials Science Leaders (MD program).
Publication Details :
S. Gerber, H. Jang, H. Nojiri, S. Matsuzawa, H. Yasumura, D. A. Bonn, R. Liang, W. N. Hardy, Z. Islam, A. Mehta, S. Song, M. Sikorski, D. Stefanescu, Y. Feng, S. A. Kivelson, T. P. Devereaux, Z.-X. Shen, C.-C. Kao, W.-S. Lee, D. Zhu, J.-S. Lee
Three-dimensional charge density wave order in YBa2Cu3O6.67 at high magnetic fields
Prof. Hiroyuki Nojiri
Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University
Mr. Satoshi Matsuzawa
Institute for Materials Research
Interdepartmental Doctoral Degree Program for Multi-dimensional Materials Science Leaders (MD program), Tohoku University
Original article from Tohoku University
Ngaroma Riley | Research SEA
A new tool for discovering nanoporous materials
23.05.2017 | Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Did you know that packaging is becoming intelligent through flash systems?
23.05.2017 | Heraeus Noblelight GmbH
An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.
We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.
In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...
Dental plaque and the viscous brown slime in drainpipes are two familiar examples of bacterial biofilms. Removing such bacterial depositions from surfaces is...
23.05.2017 | Event News
22.05.2017 | Event News
17.05.2017 | Event News
23.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
23.05.2017 | Life Sciences
23.05.2017 | Medical Engineering