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Discovery of 3D Charge Density Wave in High-temperature Superconductivity

10.12.2015

An international research team has found a surprising three-dimensional arrangement of electrons in the Y-based high-temperature superconductor.

The team - comprising researchers from Japan's Tohoku University, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University in USA and University of British Colombia in Canada - made the discovery while successfully combining powerful magnetic field pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet.


Fig. 1 The blend of intense magnetic and X-ray laser pulses uncover the mystery of high temperature superconductor.

Copyright : Tohoku University


Fig. 2 The IMR mini magnet used for the experiment is only 25.4 mm long.

Copyright : Tohoku University

The localization of electrons forming the special regular patterns called a charge density wave (CDW) had previously been known as a mysterious phenomenon of high temperature superconductivities. That is because the direct observation of CDW in very high magnetic fields had been considered an "impossible mission" due to the absence of high magnetic field device compatible with X-ray free electron laser.

But the IMR group has now developed an inch-size miniature pulsed magnet that can generate an extremely strong magnetic field of 30 Tesla and installed it into the beam line of a Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC.

The results resolve discrepancies found in previous experiments, and offer a new picture of the behaviors of electrons in these exotic materials under extreme conditions. The researchers hope this will aid the design and development of new superconductors that work at higher temperatures.

This study was supported by IMR through the ICC-IMR Research Project and by the Interdepartmental Doctoral Degree Program for Multi-dimensional Materials Science Leaders (MD program).

Publication Details :

Authors:
S. Gerber, H. Jang, H. Nojiri, S. Matsuzawa, H. Yasumura, D. A. Bonn, R. Liang, W. N. Hardy, Z. Islam, A. Mehta, S. Song, M. Sikorski, D. Stefanescu, Y. Feng, S. A. Kivelson, T. P. Devereaux, Z.-X. Shen, C.-C. Kao, W.-S. Lee, D. Zhu, J.-S. Lee

Title:
Three-dimensional charge density wave order in YBa2Cu3O6.67 at high magnetic fields
Journal: Science
DOI: 10.1126/science.aac6257

Contact:
Prof. Hiroyuki Nojiri
Magnetism Division
Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University
Tel: +81-22-215-2017
Email: nojiriimr.tohoku.ac.jp

Mr. Satoshi Matsuzawa
Institute for Materials Research
Interdepartmental Doctoral Degree Program for Multi-dimensional Materials Science Leaders (MD program), Tohoku University
Tel: +81-22-215-2017
Email: matsuzawaimr.tohoku.ac.jp

Associated links
Original article from Tohoku University

Ngaroma Riley | Research SEA
Further information:
http://www.researchsea.com

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