Communications sciences (communications technology) is engaged in communications processes. Communications is defined as the exchange of symbols across distances in time and space. The central aspect of communications sciences (communications technology) is the development of communications models (Black Box, stimulus response, interactive media) that describe various verbal and non-verbal communications technology processes.
Media impact models such as sender-receiver models, the stimulus-response model, interactive media and the black box play a key role in communications technology. These types of media impact models attempt to explain the theoretical correlations of indirect communications between the sender, the media and the receiver. In particular, the interaction between mass media and humans is a prevailing topic in this area. Moreover, media impact models such as the black box, AIDA and interactive media are important for advertising and online marketing.
Explanatory models such as the black box are representative of the unidirectional communications technologies of the pre-Internet era. The black box is based on the stimulus-response model, a concept predicated on the idea that a human stimulus (e.g., an advertising announcement) results in a direct response. The black box metaphor adds the human behavioral concept to the stimulus-response model. The stimulus undergoes a series of linear thought processes in the black box until finally the response is produced.
The Internet radically changed the linear, one-dimensional medial communications theory behind the black box concept. Interactive media enables active communications between humans and media for the first time. Interactive media occur in all of the various forms of Web 2.0. Interactive media covers communications opportunities ranging from newspaper article commentary and private blogs to web sites and social networks. Interactive media is characterized by the non-linear use of technical communications technology, which enables bidirectional communications by giving receivers the opportunity to actively participate in and design the process. The Internet thus illustrates high-quality interactive media that is available through genuine, full-fledged feedback channels. In contrast to the black box model, this leads to bidirectional contact.
Interactive media is dramatically changing how media is received. Humans are being transformed from passive receivers to active participants in the media design process. The reason is the Internet, which takes media and humans out of the black box and provides both of them a completely new way to interact. Interactive media opens up a brand new area of research in the field of communications technology. Because of its leading-edge status, interactive media is one of the most-discussed areas of research in communications theory. In contrast, concepts such as the black box theory are being increasingly challenged.
Empirical research methods play an important role in communications technology. This includes surveys, observations and experiments. The black box as well as stimulus response theories were built on empirical research. Interactive media such as social networks can also be analyzed by means of empirical evaluations. In the area of interactive media, the Internet provides an excellent statistical foundation. Rely on innovations-report to gain an overview of the new research aspects from the fields of communications technology, media technology, black box, stimulus response and interactive media.
Engineering and research-driven innovations in the field of communications are addressed here, in addition to business developments in the field of media-wide communications.
innovations-report offers informative reports and articles related to interactive media, media management, digital television, E-business, online advertising and information and communications technologies.
At this year’s NAB Show, the world’s largest convention for the digital media industry, taking place April 22–27, in Las Vegas, Fraunhofer IDMT will be presenting new technologies for A/V analysis and search. The updated tools allow users to detect partial duplicates, track metadata and content reuse, automatically extract metadata and manage complex multimodal analysis workflows.
A/V Segment Matching – Tracking metadata and detecting duplicates13.04.2017 | Read more
The digital revolution is bringing new challenges and sweeping changes for such organizations as law enforcement agencies that have traditionally been responsible for security and stability. As part of the EU project MEDI@4SEC, Fraunhofer IAO is developing solutions and recommended strategies for enhancing people’s understanding of how social media can be used in the realm of public security.
Citizens have long been interested in criminal cases and keen to help the police solve them. What’s new is that people are increasingly combining these...25.01.2017 | Read more
Fraunhofer HHI‘s technique for Compressed Domain Tile Aggregation with HEVC allows VR video applications with drastically reduced video bitrates and decoder requirements. Tile Based DASH Streaming with Fraunhofer HHI’s technique allows maintaining high video quality in the current viewport while streaming lower resolution outside the viewport. The approach can adapt the video bitstream to the current user viewport on-the-fly without heavy transcoding or storage of a large number of pre-rendered viewports on the server. At the CES fair 2017 in Las Vegas, Fraunhofer HHI will show this technology at Booth 20944, South Hall 1.
Tile Based DASH Streaming for Virtual Reality with HEVC – Enabler for high quality 360 degree video from Fraunhofer HHI at CES03.01.2017 | Read more
Product placements in movies are omnipresent. But how do modern film technologies, particularly the 3D technology, influence the memory of brands placed in movies? A new study has revealed that only brands placed very prominently benefit from 3D as compared to 2D technology, while the memory of less prominent and more subtle placements tends to dwindle. In the case of 4D movies (3D enhanced with scent), the memory was weakest.
The results, recently published in the journal “Media Psychology”, are based on two studies, which investigated product placements in two Hollywood movies....07.07.2016 | Read more
Spending nearly a year in space, 249 miles from Earth, could be a lonely prospect, but an office at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, made sure astronaut Scott Kelly could reach home for the entire 340-day duration of his mission. Not only could Kelly communicate with mission control in Houston, but Goddard's Network Integration Center connected him with reporters and even family.
Spending nearly a year in space, 249 miles from Earth, could be a lonely prospect, but an office at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland,...02.03.2016 | Read more
From research into the market: EML European Media Laboratory to present the benefits of real time speech analytics for call centers at the international exhibition CCW 2016 in Berlin
The Heidelberg-based IT company EML European Media Laboratory GmbH will be presenting its products at this year’s CCW trade fair (hall 2, C19). The fair is...19.02.2016 | Read more
Electrical engineers at the University of California, San Diego developed a receiver that can detect a weak, fast, randomly occurring signal.
The study, published in the Dec. 11 issue of Science, lays the groundwork for a new class of highly sensitive communication receivers and scientific...14.12.2015 | Read more
The Visible Light Communication (VLC) technology allows for the implementation of optical WiFi environments, especially in cases when an existing radio-based solution fails. Red Bull Media House and the Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute HHI are now working together to develop a palette of promising applications using this technology.
A fast, mobile data transfer with an arbitrary, mobile positioning of transmitter and receiver is today an indispensable prerequisite for the arrangement of...13.10.2015 | Read more
Major Horizon 2020 project “NUCLEUS” investigates governance and cultures in scientific institutions to foster the science-society dialogue / 24 project partners from Europe, Asia and Africa
How should science respond to the needs of the people? How could a socially robust and responsible communication foster a genuine dialogue between, let’s say a...10.07.2015 | Read more
Page views and “likes” are great for journalists' and webmasters’ egos, but they don't pay the bills. Researchers at the University of Luxembourg may have found a solution. They have identified a secure, anonymous way for readers, viewers and gamers to pay for online content without them having to make a cash payment. “Any online website could participate, whether they are a news site, a blog, a video streaming service, a gaming site, or social media,” remarked Alex Biryukov, Professor of Computer Science at the University of Luxembourg.
The system would work as follows. Every time a user “likes” internet content they could also chose to donate a small amount of their PC's spare computing...13.05.2015 | Read more
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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