vertebra

Cattle with missing cervical vertebra – scientists elucidate phenomenon of evolutionary biology relevance

Cattle breeders had been puzzled. For some time they had observed calves with shortened tails in some Holstein cattle herds. Some calves developed normal;…

Engineers develop new cements to heal spinal fractures

Biological cements to repair ‘burst fractures’ of the spine are being developed and tested in a major new collaborative project between Queen’s University…