Latest News

Toward a reliable oral treatment for sickle cell disease

For the millions of people worldwide who have sickle cell disease, there are only a few treatment options, which include risky bone marrow transplants, gene therapy or other treatments that…

Measuring space-time ‘entanglement’ of electromagnetic waves

Extremely structured electromagnetic pulse carries not only the ultimate human dream of ultra-fast and ultra-intense energy extraction but also numerous extraordinary fundamental physical effects. As a traditional viewpoint, Electromagnetic pulses…

A breakthrough that enables practical semiconductor spintronics

It may be possible in the future to use information technology where electron spin is used to store, process and transfer information in quantum computers. It has long been the…

How to tame a restless genome

Short pieces of DNA–jumping genes–can bounce from one place to another in our genomes. When too many DNA fragments move around, cancer, infertility, and other problems can arise. Cold Spring…

‘Bug brain soup’ expands menu for scientists studying animal brains

By mashing up brains from various insect species, neuroscientists at the University of Arizona were able to count the neurons in individual brains, providing a more meaningful metric than traditional…

The spintronics technology revolution could be just a hopfion away

Pioneering study co-led by Berkeley Lab has significance for next-gen information technologies. A decade ago, the discovery of quasiparticles called magnetic skyrmions provided important new clues into how microscopic spin…

Seeing quadruple

Machine-learning methods lead to discovery of rare “quadruply imaged quasars” that can help solve cosmological puzzles. With the help of machine-learning techniques, a team of astronomers has discovered a dozen…

First transiting exoplanet’s ‘chemical fingerprint’ reveals its distant birthplace

Astronomers have found evidence that the first exoplanet that was identified transiting its star could have migrated to a close orbit with its star from its original birthplace further away….

Scientists successfully breed corals in the lab

Oldenburg team reports first successful mass spawning of stony corals in Germany. Scientists at the University of Oldenburg’s Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM) have scored…

New method expands the world of small RNAs

PANDORA sequencing method developed by UC Riverside-led team can detect once-undetectable small RNAs. A team led by a biomedical scientist at the University of California, Riverside, has developed a new…

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Physics and Astronomy

Atom interferometry demonstrated in space for the first time

Researchers present results of experiments with atom interferometry on a sounding rocket / Further rocket missions set to follow. Extremely precise measurements are possible using atom interferometers that employ the…

A Novel Tunable Force in Electrolyte Solutions

Solutions that conduct electricity, ‘electrolytes’, are ubiquitous not only in batteries and capacitors but also in biofluids including blood plasma; of great practical importance is thus to understand how electrolytes…

Quantum boost for a classical cooling technology

New material improves magnetic cooling near absolute zero … Cooling is a long-standing technological challenge. Standard cooling cycle based on vapor compression exploits expensive helium gas to reach temperatures near…

Life Sciences and Chemistry

Chemists create renewable plant-based polymers

What makes them different is that they can be easily recycled. Researchers at the Laboratory of Cluster Catalysis at St Petersburg University have synthesised polymers from biomass. What makes them…

First images of cells exposed to COVID-19 vaccine reveal native-like Coronavirus spikes

New research has for the first time compared images of the protein spikes that develop on the surface of cells exposed to the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine to the protein spike of…

Popeye with a whiff of rotten eggs

A sulfosugar from green vegetables promotes the growth of important gut bacteria. Diet and the gut microbiome With the consumption of a single type of vegetable such as spinach, hundreds…

Agricultural and Forestry Science

UMD reports six novel variants for CRISPR-Cas12a in plants …

– expanding genome engineering … In a new publication in Nature Communications, associate professor of Plant Science at the University of Maryland Yiping Qi continues to innovate genome editing and…

Artificial Light Affects Plant Pollination Even During the Daytime

Streetlights alter the number of flower visits by insects not just at night, but also during the daytime. Artificial light at night thus indirectly affects the entire plant-pollinator community, with…

Rice Plant Resists Arsenic

The agricultural cultivation of the staple food of rice harbours the risk of possible contamination with arsenic that can reach the grains following uptake by the roots. In their investigation…

Information Technology

Machine learning at speed

Inserting lightweight optimization code in high-speed network devices has enabled a KAUST-led collaboration to increase the speed of machine learning on parallelized computing systems five-fold. This “in-network aggregation” technology, developed…

Challenging the design of electrovibrations to generate a more realistic feel

A user should feel realistic haptic feedback on a touchscreen embedded with electrovibration technology. Unfortunately, not even the most advanced touchscreen devices provide a realistic user experience – all images…

NIST demo adds key capability to atom-based radio communications

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and collaborators have demonstrated an atom-based sensor that can determine the direction of an incoming radio signal, another key part…