Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

IAA Commercial Vehicles 2018: Commercial vehicle model autonomously explores its surroundings

10.09.2018

Before autonomous vehicles are tested on the road or off-road, researchers usually first check their systems in the laboratory. In addition to computer simulations, computer scientists at the Technische Universität Kaiserslautern (TUK) also use small models of the all-terrain Unimog commercial vehicle from the automobile manufacturer Daimler. They are equipped with sensor, measurement, and camera systems and can thus explore their surroundings autonomously.

At the International Motor Show (IAA) Commercial Vehicles in Hanover from 20 to 27 September, researchers will be presenting the model vehicles at the research stand (Hall 13, Stand A28) of the Centre for Commercial Vehicle Technology (ZNT).


Professor Dr Karsten Berns

Credits: TUK/Koziel


Steffen Hemer (left) and Professor Berns are researching the next generation of commercial vehicles.

Credits: TUK/Koziel

A multitude of technology is hidden in the small blue model vehicles: The computer scientists around Professor Dr Karsten Berns have removed the original remote control. "We have replaced it by a microcomputer that controls the motor and speed controller," says Berns, who heads the Robotics Research Lab at the TUK and conducts research at the Centre for Commercial Vehicle Technology (ZNT).

The roof is equipped with a special camera that detects structures in the surrounding area. Another camera is located in the driver's cab. “The two camera systems provide the minicomputer with colour samples and 3D images,” continues Berns. “With this data, it assembles an image of the surroundings and identifies the direction the vehicle must take.”

Further sensor and measuring systems are necessary so that the Unimogs can drive autonomously: On both sides they are equipped with infrared sensors and on the front and back side with ultrasonic sensors. “This makes it possible, for example, to measure the distance to a possible obstacle such as a wall,” says doctoral student Steffen Hemer. In addition, the vehicles are equipped with speed and acceleration sensors. The computer scientists have equipped a total of four of these Unimog models with their technology.

Berns and his team are researching the next generation of commercial vehicles on the TUK campus - from drum rollers that drive autonomously in the convoy and compact a new road surface, to cranes that unload their loads themselves while “keeping a very close eye” on their surroundings, to excavators that independently load trucks with sand. But before the vehicles are tested on roads, fields, forests, and meadows, the computer scientists check their sensor, measurement, and camera systems used in their techniques in simulations and with the help of models.

The Kaiserslautern computer scientists develop their autonomous vehicles in such a way that they should be able to decide for themselves which route they take, i.e. to decide, for example, to avoid an obstacle or to drive over it if it is a larger stone or a small branch on the forest floor.

The Unimog models are also used in advanced internships during the computer science bachelor studies to teach the handling of complex algorithms.

At the IAA Commercial Vehicles in Hanover, the scientists will present their work at the ZNT research stand. They have a small model vehicle with them.
Further information is available at http://agrosy.informatik.uni-kl.de/roboter/rcunimog/

The Centre for Commercial Vehicle Technology at the TU Kaiserslautern
At the Centre for Commercial Vehicle Technology (ZNT), more than 150 researchers from more than 13 faculties of computer science, electrical engineering, information technology and mechanical engineering work together on an interdisciplinary basis. For example, they develop techniques for autonomous driving and computing methods that ensure that the technologies in the vehicles function reliably. They are also working on intelligently networked vehicles and investigating how people and vehicles will interact with each other in the future. Another area of research is increasing energy and CO2 efficiency through lightweight construction, alternative fuels, hybridization and electromobility. The ZNT is part of the Commercial Vehicle Alliance Kaiserslautern (CVA) and cooperates with many of the research institutes located in the proximity of the university campus. The ZNT is also characterised by close cooperation with commercial vehicle manufacturers and suppliers.

Read more at www.uni-kl.de/znt

Wissenschaftliche Ansprechpartner:

Professor Dr Karsten Berns
Robotics Research Lab
Phone: +49(0)631 205-2613
E-mail: berns[at]informatik.uni-kl.de

M. Sc. Steffen Hemer
Phone: +49(0)631 205-2805
E-mail: s_hemer[at]informatik.uni-kl.de

Melanie Löw | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

More articles from Trade Fair News:

nachricht Fingerprint spectroscopy within a millisecond
24.06.2019 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Festkörperphysik IAF

nachricht Release agent-free: ReleasePLAS® technology replaces silicone coating in wax injection molding
21.06.2019 | Fraunhofer IFAM

All articles from Trade Fair News >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fraunhofer IDMT demonstrates its method for acoustic quality inspection at »Sensor+Test 2019« in Nürnberg

From June 25th to 27th 2019, the Fraunhofer Institute for Digital Media Technology IDMT in Ilmenau (Germany) will be presenting a new solution for acoustic quality inspection allowing contact-free, non-destructive testing of manufactured parts and components. The method which has reached Technology Readiness Level 6 already, is currently being successfully tested in practical use together with a number of industrial partners.

Reducing machine downtime, manufacturing defects, and excessive scrap

Im Focus: Successfully Tested in Praxis: Bidirectional Sensor Technology Optimizes Laser Material Deposition

The quality of additively manufactured components depends not only on the manufacturing process, but also on the inline process control. The process control ensures a reliable coating process because it detects deviations from the target geometry immediately. At LASER World of PHOTONICS 2019, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be demonstrating how well bi-directional sensor technology can already be used for Laser Material Deposition (LMD) in combination with commercial optics at booth A2.431.

Fraunhofer ILT has been developing optical sensor technology specifically for production measurement technology for around 10 years. In particular, its »bd-1«...

Im Focus: The hidden structure of the periodic system

The well-known representation of chemical elements is just one example of how objects can be arranged and classified

The periodic table of elements that most chemistry books depict is only one special case. This tabular overview of the chemical elements, which goes back to...

Im Focus: MPSD team discovers light-induced ferroelectricity in strontium titanate

Light can be used not only to measure materials’ properties, but also to change them. Especially interesting are those cases in which the function of a material can be modified, such as its ability to conduct electricity or to store information in its magnetic state. A team led by Andrea Cavalleri from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg used terahertz frequency light pulses to transform a non-ferroelectric material into a ferroelectric one.

Ferroelectricity is a state in which the constituent lattice “looks” in one specific direction, forming a macroscopic electrical polarisation. The ability to...

Im Focus: Determining the Earth’s gravity field more accurately than ever before

Researchers at TU Graz calculate the most accurate gravity field determination of the Earth using 1.16 billion satellite measurements. This yields valuable knowledge for climate research.

The Earth’s gravity fluctuates from place to place. Geodesists use this phenomenon to observe geodynamic and climatological processes. Using...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on UV LED Technologies & Applications – ICULTA 2020 | Call for Abstracts

24.06.2019 | Event News

SEMANTiCS 2019 brings together industry leaders and data scientists in Karlsruhe

29.04.2019 | Event News

Revered mathematicians and computer scientists converge with 200 young researchers in Heidelberg!

17.04.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

2nd International Conference on UV LED Technologies & Applications – ICULTA 2020 | Call for Abstracts

24.06.2019 | Event News

'Sneezing' plants contribute to disease proliferation

24.06.2019 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

Researchers find new mutation in the leptin gene

24.06.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>