The cartilage quality (thickness and stiffness) is commonly determined either visually or by manual palpation. Both procedures are subjective and highly dependent on the experience of the physician. Early signs of degeneration that are not associated with matrix destruction but with slight alterations of stiffness, cannot be diagnosed. <br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> The new ultrasound palpation system offers the possibility of a precise quantitative mechanical evaluation of cartilage tissue. The measuring device comprises an ultrasound transducer and an elastomer. Based on the transit-time differences of the received signal tray the compressional stiffness and thickness can be assessed in real-time by a free-hand palpation. Subtle changes in the cartilage-stiffness can be diagnosed at an early stage. <br><br>
firstname.lastname@example.org | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
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For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
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Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
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Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
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