Interferons play a vital role in the natural response on viral infection. In particular, type I interferon (IFN-I) is the focus of interest in the development of new therapeutic approaches for example in the fields of immunology, tumor diseases, multiple sclerosis and sepsis. </p> <strong>Technology</strong><br> Two novel transgenic mice have been developed, the IFNAR knock-out mouse (IFNARKO) and the conditional IFNAR mouse (IFNARCOND), both congenic on the C57BL/6 background, the mouse type from which most of the tumors used in tumor models are isolated. The IFNARKO mouse carries an ubiquitous deletion of the interferon type I receptor (IFNAR) allowing investigations into the role of IFNAR in every tissue and every stage of development. The conditional IFNAR-mouse allows the potential IFNAR inactivation by an adequate stimulus in a specific tissue or cell type. By this, the function of the IFN-I system can be investigated in its spatial and temporal dimensions for the first time by targeted time- and/or site-controlled IFNAR inactivation.<br><br>
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Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
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Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
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Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
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Scientists have discovered that the electrical resistance of a copper-oxide compound depends on the magnetic field in a very unusual way -- a finding that could help direct the search for materials that can perfectly conduct electricity at room temperatur
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