The invention provides techniques for indexing and searching in databases using ontologies. Categories or individual documents within the database that are annotated to the terms of the ontology can be searched and prioritized using statistical models to test for significance of the similarity scores of queries against the database. The database can be any repository of documents such as books, articles, internal company documentation, or web pages.<br><br> An ontology provides a classification of the entities within a domain. Each entity is said to make up a term of the ontology. Furthermore, an ontology must specify the semantic relationships between the entities. <br><br> A p-value for query results is provided which serves as an index and ranking according to the semantic relevance. The invention provides a rapidly computing of the exact distribution of similarity scores in ontologies, which makes it practicable to index large corpora of information and to keep the index up to date by regularly recalculating the score distribution in a time- and cost-efficient way. <br><br>
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Innsbruck quantum physicists have constructed a diode for magnetic fields and then tested it in the laboratory. The device, developed by the research groups led by the theorist Oriol Romero-Isart and the experimental physicist Gerhard Kirchmair, could open up a number of new applications.
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Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.
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Biochips have been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), on which tissue can be produced and examined. This allows supplying the tissue with different substances in a very controlled way.
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Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.
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