Currently frequency analysis of optical signals relies on electrooptical modulators generating variable frequency signals. Subsequently, the response of the component due to the signal is detected and analysed. Therefore, complex calibration of the system is necessary. Additionally, the frequency range is confined to that of the electrooptical modulator.<br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> This invention provides a method for determining the frequency response of an electrooptical component, particularly, of a light-generating or light-modulating component. Optical pulses with a pulse frequency are generated. The electrooptical component is controlled by an electrical measuring signal with a measuring frequency in such a manner that an optical output signal is formed that is modulated with the measuring frequency. The measuring frequency is equal to an integral multiple of the pulse frequency plus a predetermined frequency offset. The pulses and the output signal are mixed, and a mixed product is detected whose modulation frequency corresponds to the predetermined frequency offset. The mixed product indicates the frequency response of the electrooptical component at the measuring frequency.<br><br>
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Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have captured a difficult-to-view singular event involving "magnetic reconnection"--the process by which sparse particles and energy around Earth collide producing a quick but mighty explosion--in the Earth's magnetotail, the magnetic environment that trails behind the planet.
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Biochips have been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), on which tissue can be produced and examined. This allows supplying the tissue with different substances in a very controlled way.
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Faster and secure data communication: This is the goal of a new joint project involving physicists from the University of Würzburg. The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research funds the project with 14.8 million euro.
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On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, South Africa.
When choosing materials to make something, trade-offs need to be made between a host of properties, such as thickness, stiffness and weight. Depending on the application in question, finding just the right balance is the difference between success and failure
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