High-performance LEDs typically have a lens positioned right on top of the emitting surface. With this lens it is possible to emit more light from the LED. Unfortunately, this lens also prohibits attaching an optical component directly to the LED. Typical LEDs have a very broad solid angle of emission whereas waveguides typically have only a very small acceptance angle for light to be coupled into it. Therefore the coupling efficiency between an LED and a waveguide decreases as the distance between the components increases.<br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> We offer improved coupling efficiency by using a sleeve between the LED and the waveguide. This sleeve has an inner reflective surface in the shape of a truncated cone, allowing more light to be coupled into the waveguide, thereby increasing the coupling efficiency. A further advantage is that the position of the lens right above the LED can be varied relative to the sleeve, so that the divergence and intensity at the distal end of the waveguide can be adjusted and optimized as desired. The lens and sleeve are separate components which can be positioned relative to each other during the fabrication process. <br><br>
email@example.com | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
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Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
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Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
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Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
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Scientists have discovered that the electrical resistance of a copper-oxide compound depends on the magnetic field in a very unusual way -- a finding that could help direct the search for materials that can perfectly conduct electricity at room temperatur
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The quality of materials often depends on the manufacturing process. In casting and welding, for example, the rate at which melts solidify and the resulting microstructure of the alloy is important. With metallic foams as well, it depends on exactly how the foaming process takes place. To understand these processes fully requires fast sensing capability. The fastest 3D tomographic images to date have now been achieved at the BESSY II X-ray source operated by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin.
Dr. Francisco Garcia-Moreno and his team have designed a turntable that rotates ultra-stably about its axis at a constant rotational speed. This really depends...
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